Folia Parasitologica, vol. 53 (2006), issue 3

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 181-188 (2006) | 10.14411/fp.2006.024

Prosorhynchus maternus sp. n. (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from the Malabar grouper Epinephelus malabaricus (Perciformes: Serranidae) off New Caledonia

Rodney A. Bray1, Jean-Lou Justine2
1 Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
2 Équipe Biogéographie Marine Tropicale, Unité Systématique, Adaptation, Évolution (CNRS, UPMC, MNHN, IRD), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, BP A5, 98848 Nouméa Cedex, Nouvelle Calédonie

A new species, Prosorhynchus maternus sp. n., is described from the serranid fish Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch et Schneider) in the waters off New Caledonia. It belongs to a group of Prosorhynchus species from serranids in which the uterus is restricted to the postovarian region. Its distinguishing features include the vitellarium relatively distant from the rhynchus, the cirrus-sac relatively distant from the posterior testis, the distinctly pre-equatorial mouth and several other somatic ratios. New records of Prosorhynchus longisaccatus Durio et Manter, 1968 from Epinephelus cyanopodus (Richardson) and Prosorhynchoides lamprelli Bott et Cribb, 2005 from Caranx papuensis Alleyne et Macleay off New Caledonia are also included.

Keywords: Digenea, Bucephalidae, Prosorhynchus, Serranidae, Epinephelus, New Caledonia

Received: February 20, 2006; Accepted: May 10, 2006; Published: September 1, 2006


  1. BOTT N.J., CRIBB T.H. 2005: Prosorhynchoides lamprelli n. sp. (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from the brassy trevally, Caranx papuensis (Teleostei: Carangidae), from off Lizard Island on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Zootaxa 1059: 33-38
  2. CRIBB T.H., BRAY R.A., WRIGHT T., PICHELIN S. 2002: The trematodes of groupers (Serranidae: Epinephelinae): knowledge, nature and evolution. Parasitology 124: S23- S42 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  3. DURIO W.O., MANTER H.W. 1968: Some digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of New Caledonia. Part I. Bucephalidae, Monorchiidae, and some smaller families. Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 35: 143-153
  4. HAFEEZULLAH M., SIDDIQI A.H. 1970: Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of India. Part I. Bucephalidae and Cryptogonimidae. Indian J. Parasitol. 22: 1-22
  5. HANSON M.L. 1950: Some digenetic trematodes of marine fishes of Bermuda. Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 17: 74- 89
  6. KOHN A. 1961: Um novo Prosorhynchus parasito de Garrupa sp. (Trematoda, Bucephaliformes). Atas Soc. Biol. Rio de J. 5: 46-49
  7. KOHN A. 1967: Sobre um novo genero de Prosorhynchinae Nicoll, 1914 e novos dados sobre Prosorhynchus bulbosus Kohn, 1961 e Rhipidocotyle quadriculatum Kohn, 1961 (Trematoda, Bucephaliformes). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 65: 107-114 Go to original source...
  8. KRUSE G.O.W. 1977: Some digenetic trematodes from fishes of the Bering Sea with the descriptions of Prosorhynchus mizellei sp. n. (Bucephalidae) and Pseudopecoelus nossamani sp. n. (Opecoelidae). Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 44: 73-76
  9. LEONG T.S., WONG S.Y. 1988: A comparative study of the parasite fauna of wild and cultured grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus Bloch et Schneider) in Malaysia. Aquaculture 68: 203-207 Go to original source...
  10. LEONG T.S., WONG S.Y. 1989: Parasites of wild and cultured golden snapper, Lutjanus johni (Bloch), in Malaysia. Trop. Biomed. 6: 73-76
  11. LEONG T.S., WONG S.Y. 1990: Parasites of healthy and diseased juvenile grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch and Schneider)) and seabass (Lates calcarifer (Bloch)) in floating cages in Penang, Malaysia. Asian Fish. Sci. 3: 319-327
  12. MADHAVI R. 1974: Digenetic trematodes from marine fishes of Waltair Coast, Bay of Bengal. Family Bucephalidae. Riv. Parassitol. 35: 189-199
  13. MANTER H.W. 1934: Some digenetic trematodes from deepwater fish of Tortugas, Florida. Pap. Tortugas Lab. 28: 257-345
  14. MANTER H.W. 1940a: Digenetic trematodes of fishes from the Galapagos Islands and the neighboring Pacific. Allan Hancock Pacif. Exped. 2: 325-497
  15. MANTER H.W. 1940b: Gasterostomes (Trematoda) of Tortugas, Florida. Pap. Tortugas Lab. 33: 1-19
  16. MANTER H.W. 1953: Two new species of Prosorhynchinae (Trematoda: Gasterostomata) from the Fiji Islands. In: J. Dayal and K. Singh (Eds.), Thapar, G.S., Commemoration Volume. University of Lucknow, Lucknow, pp. 193-200
  17. MORAVEC F., SEY O. 1989: Some trematodes of freshwater fishes from north Vietnam with a list of recorded endohelminthes by fish hosts. Folia Parasitol. 36: 243-262 Go to PubMed...
  18. NAGATY H.F. 1937: Trematodes of fishes from the Red Sea. Part 1. Studies on the family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907. Egyptian University, Cairo, 172 pp
  19. NAHHAS F.M., CABLE R.M. 1964: Digenetic and aspidogastrid trematodes from marine fishes of Curacao and Jamaica. Tulane Stud. Zool. 11: 169-228 Go to original source...
  20. OVERSTREET R.M. 1969: Digenetic trematodes of marine teleost fishes from Biscayne Bay, Florida. Tulane Stud. Zool. Bot. 15: 119-176
  21. PAN H. 1988: Studies on digenetic trematodes of fam. Bucephalidae from freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province, with descriptions of two new species. Acta Hydrobiol. Sin. 12: 65-69. (In Chinese, English summary.)
  22. THATCHER V.E. 1999: Two new Bucephalidae (Trematoda) from fishes of the Brazilian Amazon. Acta Amazon. 29: 331-335 Go to original source...
  23. VELASQUEZ C.C. 1959: Studies on the family Bucephalidae Poche 1907 (Trematoda) from Philippine food fishes. J. Parasitol. 45: 135-147 Go to original source...
  24. WINTER H.A. 1960: Algunos trematodos digeneos de peces marinos de aguas del Oceano Pacifico del sur de California, U.S.A. y del litoral Mexicano. An. Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton. Mex. 30: 183-208
  25. YAMAGUTI S. 1934: Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 2. Trematodes of fishes, I. Jpn. J. Zool. 5: 249-541
  26. YAMAGUTI S. 1939: Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 26. Trematodes of fishes, VI. Jpn. J. Zool. 8: 211- 230
  27. YAMAGUTI S. 1952: Parasitic worms mainly from Celebes. Part 1. New digenetic trematodes of fishes. Acta Med. Okayama 8: 146-198
  28. YAMAGUTI S. 1953: Parasitic worms mainly from Celebes. Part 3. Digenetic trematodes of fishes, II. Acta Med. Okayama 8: 257-295
  29. YAMAGUTI S. 1970: Digenetic trematodes of Hawaiian fishes. Keigaku Publishing Co., Tokyo, 436 pp