Folia Parasitologica 55 180-186 (2008) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2008.025
We have previously reported that Schistosoma mansoni larvae emerging from host lung at pH 7.5-7.8 and then fixed with diluted formaldehyde (HCHO) readily bind radiation-attenuated cercariae (RA) vaccine serum antibodies, as assessed by indirect membrane immunofluorescence (IF). Here we show that S. mansoni schistosomula emerging from lung pieces under 5% CO2 (pH <=7.3) readily bind RA vaccine serum antibodies, provided they have been incubated for 12 h at pH 7.5-7.8 in foetal calf serum-free RPMI medium, and fixed with diluted HCHO. Ex vivo larvae exposed during incubation to GW4869, a specific inhibitor of tegument-bound, neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) displayed significantly diminished binding of RA vaccine serum antibodies, thus suggesting that nSMase activity at pH >=7.5 leads to exposure of lung-stage larvae surface membrane antigens to specific antibody detection. More importantly, ex vivo larvae readily bound antibodies directed to dipeptidic multiple antigen peptide constructs, based on S. mansoni-specific sequences in S. mansoni glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (SG3PDH). Lung-stage schistosomula IF reactivity was diminished following antiserum absorption with recombinant SG3PDH. The data together indicate that intact ex vivo, as well as, 5-day-old in vitro-grown larvae express SG3PDH on their surface membrane. The findings are discussed in relation to the importance of surface membrane proteins as candidate vaccine antigens.
Received: November 12, 2007; Accepted: April 7, 2008; Published: September 1, 2008