Folia Parasitologica 55 277-290 (2008) | 10.14411/fp.2008.036
Morphological data and molecular analyses are used to describe the taxonomy of philometrid nematodes of the genus Philometra Costa, 1845, found in the gonads of marine fishes in Japan. A new Philometra species, P. sawara sp. n., is described based on male and female specimens collected from the gonads of Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier) (Japanese Spanish mackerel). Two additional species, Philometra nemipteri Luo, 2001 and Philometra sciaenae Yamaguti, 1941, are confirmed as valid species and are redescribed based on specimens collected from the gonads of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn) (golden threadfin bream) and Pennahia argentata (Houttuyn) (silver croaker), respectively. Male P. nemipteri are first reported and described in this study. Redescriptions of female P. nemipteri and male and female P. sciaenae were also necessary based on our morphological observations. A molecular comparison of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region of the ribosomal DNA between P. sawara, P. nemipteri, P. sciaenae, and previously reported philometrid nematodes from the genus Philometra and Philometroides Yamaguti, 1935 supports the conclusion that the three Philometra species in the current study are independent. An ITS2-derived neighbour-joining tree, consisting of both the current specimens and previously described Philometra and Philometroides species, is also presented.
Received: June 23, 2008; Accepted: August 12, 2008; Published: December 1, 2008