Folia Parasitologica, vol. 56 (2009), issue 1

Folia Parasitologica 56[1] 13-20 (2009) | 10.14411/fp.2009.003

Neotropical Monogenoidea. 53. Gyrodactylus corydori sp. n. and redescription of Gyrodactylus anisopharynx (Gyrodactylidea: Gyrodactylidae), parasites of Corydoras spp. (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) from southern Brazil

Marlus Bueno-Silva1,2, Walter A. Boeger1
1 Laboratório de Ecologia Molecular e Parasitologia Evolutiva, Grupo Integrado de Aquicultura e Estudos Ambientais, Universi- dade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoologia, Caixa Postal 19020, CEP 81531-980, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
2 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoo- logia, Caixa Postal 19020, CEP 81531-980, Curitiba, PR, Brazil

Morphometric analyses are used to evaluate the taxonomic status of two sympatric variants of Gyrodactylus anisopharynx Popazoglo et Boeger, 2000 (forma "large-pharynx" and forma "small-pharynx"). The parasites were collected from the Piraquara River and the Miringuava River, State of Paraná, Brazil, between February 2005 and May 2006. A total of 132 parasites were measured from two hosts, Corydoras ehrhardti Steindachner and Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns). Eleven morphological features of the haptoral sclerites and pharynx were measured and analysed by discriminant analysis and principal components analysis. The results indicate that the observed morphological variation cannot be associated to intraspecific variation or phenotypic plasticity (P < 0.0001). Consequently, the two variants previously allocated in G. anisopharynx represent two independent species. Since the holotype was defined as the variant "large-pharynx", Gyrodactylus corydori sp. n. is proposed to accommodate specimens previously reported as "small-pharynx" variant of G. anisopharynx. Morphometric analyses showed that the hook, the anchor, and the pharyngeal bulb are significantly distinct (P < 0.0001) between G. corydori sp. n. and G. anisopharynx (s.s.). The new species is characterized by having hooks with point moderately curved, robust convex heel, convex shelf, toe concave moderately pointed with depression; deep bar with two submedial, posterior projections; anchors with robust superficial root; superficial bar with two small anterolateral projections; and male copulatory organ armed with two rows of spinelets.

Keywords: Gyrodactylus, morphometry, Corydoras, sympatry

Received: November 8, 2007; Accepted: September 10, 2008; Published: March 1, 2009


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