Folia Parasitologica, vol. 59 (2012), issue 1

Folia Parasitologica 59[1] 12-14 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.002

A new species of Choleoeimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from Oustalet\'s chameleon, Furcifer oustaleti (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae)

Chris T. McAllister
Science and Mathematics Division, Eastern Oklahoma State College, Idabel, Oklahoma 74745, USA

One of three (33%) captive specimens of Oustalet's chameleon, Furcifer oustaleti (Mocquard) originally from Madagascar and housed at the Oklahoma City Zoological Park Herpetarium, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, USA, was found to be passing an undescribed species of Choleoeimeria in its faeces. Oocysts of Choleoeimeria fischeri sp. n. were cylindroidal, 30.3 × 16.8 (28-34 × 15-18) µm, with a smooth, bilayered wall and a length/width ratio (L/W) of 1.8. A micropyle and oocyst residuum was absent but a fragmented polar granule was often present. Sporocysts were ovoidal, 9.6 × 8.0 (9-10 × 7-9) µm, with an L/W of 1.2. Stieda, sub-Stieda, and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum consists of large globules dispersed between sporozoites. Sporozoites were elongate, 8.6 × 2.9 (8-10 × 2-3) µm, with an elongate posterior refractile body. The new species represents the second coccidian described from this lizard.

Keywords: Coccidia, Choleoeimeria, Furcifer oustaleti, Oustalet's chameleon, taxonomy

Received: September 22, 2011; Accepted: October 28, 2011; Published: February 23, 2012


References

  1. Brygoo E.R. 1963: Contribution a la connaissance de la parasitologie des Cameleons malgaches. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 38: 525-739 Go to PubMed...
  2. Daszak P., Ball S.J., Jones C.G., Streicker D.G., Snow K.R. 2009: Six new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from endangered Phelsuma spp. geckoes (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of the Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius. Folia Parasitol. 56: 233-241 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  3. Glaw F., Vences M. 2007: A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. 3rd Edition. M. Vences and F. Glaw Verlags, Koeln (Cologne), 496 pp
  4. Jirku M., Modry D., Slapeta J.R., Koudela B., Lukes J. 2002: The phylogeny of Goussia and Choleoeimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriorina) and the evolution of excystation structures in coccidia. Protist 153: 380-389 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  5. Le Berre F., Bartlett R.D., Bartlett P. 2000: The Chameleon Handbook. Barron's Educational Series. Hauppauge, New York, USA, 144 pp
  6. Modry D., Daszak P., Volf J., Vesely M., Ball S.J., Koude la B. 2001a: Five new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from Madagascan chameleons (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Syst. Parasitol. 48: 117-123 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  7. Modry D., Jirku M. 2006: Three new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriorina) from the Marble-throated skink, Marmorosphax tricolor Bavay, 1869 (Reptilia: Scincidae), endemic to New Caledonia with a taxonomic revision of Eimeria spp. from scincid hosts. Parasitol. Res. 99: 416-428 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  8. Modry D., Slapeta J.R., Koudela B. 2000: Six new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from East African chameleons (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). J. Parasitol. 86: 373-379 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  9. Modry D., Slapeta J.R., Koudela B. 2001b: Eimeria hajeki n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae), a new coccidian parasite of the pygmy chameleon, Rampholeon temporalis (Matschie, 1892) (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae) from Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. J. Parasitol. 87: 1104-1105 Go to original source...
  10. Murphy J.B. 2005: Chameleons: Johann von Fischer and other perspectives. SSAR Herpetol. Circ. 33, 123 pp
  11. Paperna I., Landsberg J.H. 1989: Description and taxonomic discussion of eimerian coccidia from African and Levantine geckoes. S. Afr. J. Zool. 24: 345-355 Go to original source...
  12. Sloboda M., Modry D. 2006: New species of Choleoeimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the veiled chameleon, Chamaeleo calyptratus (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with taxonomic revision of eimerian coccidia from chameleons. Folia Parasitol. 53: 91-97 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  13. Uetz P. 2011: The TIGR Reptile Database. http://www.reptiledatabase.org/. (Accessed 14 September 2011)
  14. Wilber P.G., Duszynski D.W., Upton S.J., Seville R.S., Corliss J.O. 1998: A revision of the taxonomy and nomenclature of the Eimeria spp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from rodents in the Tribe Marmotini (Sciuridae). Syst. Parasitol. 39: 113-135 Go to original source...
  15. Will R. 1975: Die Entstehungsursachen (Aetiologie) der Lebererkrankungen bei Reptilien. Zbl. Vet. Med. B 22: 626-634 Go to original source...