Folia Parasitologica, vol. 59 (2012), issue 2

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 115-130 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.017

Five new species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) from marine fishes off Java, Indonesia

Franti¹ek Moravec1, Thorsten Walter2, Asri Trisnani Yuniar3
1 Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brani¹ovská 31, 370 05 Èeské Budìjovice, Czech Republic
2 Ostseestation Priwall, Am Priwallhafen 10, 23570 Lübeck-Travemünde, Germany
3 Aquatic Animal Health Center, Central Proteinaprima, Tbk. Jalan Dupak Rukun No. 81 Surabaya, Indonesia

Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, the following five species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from female specimens collected from marine fishes off the southwestern coast of Java, Indonesia: Philometra lobotidis sp. n. from the abdominal cavity of the Atlantic tripletail Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch) (Lobotidae, Perciformes); Philometra javaensis sp. n. from the abdominal cavity of the immaculate puffer Arothron immaculatus (Bloch et Schneider) (Tetraodontidae, Tetraodontiformes); Philometra psettoditis sp. n. from the musculature of the Indian spiny turbot Psettodes erumei (Bloch et Schneider) (Psettodidae, Pleuronectiformes); Philometroides indonesiensis sp. n. from the musculature of the hound needlefish Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron et Lesueur) (Belonidae, Beloniformes); and Philometroides trichiuri sp. n. from the dorsal fin of the largehead hairtail Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus (type host) and the savalai hairtail Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier) (both Trichiuridae, Perciformes). All these new species are distinguished from their congeners parasitizing marine fishes by morphological (mainly the shape and structure of the cephalic and caudal ends and of the oesophagus) and biometrical features. Besides previously known Philometra pellucida (Jägerskiöld, 1893) and Philometra ocularis Moravec, Ogawa, Suzuki, Miyazaki et Donai, 2002, they are the only nominal philometrid species recorded from Indonesian waters.

Keywords: parasitic nematodes, Philometra, Philometroides, taxonomy, teleost fish

Received: January 20, 2012; Accepted: March 9, 2012; Published: June 1, 2012


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