Folia Parasitologica, vol. 60 (2013), issue 3

Folia Parasitologica 60[3] 192-212 (2013) | 10.14411/fp.2013.022

A review of picobiine mites (Acari: Syringophilidae: Picobiinae) parasitising African birds

Maciej Skoracki1, Martin Hromada2,3
1 Department of Animal Morphology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland;
2 Department of Ecology, Faculty of Humanities and Natural Sciences & Centre of Excellence for Animal and Human Ecology, University of Prešov, Prešov, Slovakia;
3 Institute of Zoology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poznań, Poland

Abstract: A fauna of quill mites of the subfamily Picobiinae (Acari: Syringophilidae) associated with African birds is revised. Two new monotypic genera are proposed, Gunabopicobia gen. n. for Picobia zumpti Lawrence, 1959 and Lawrencipicobia gen. n. for Picobia poicephali Skoracki et Dabert, 2002. These new genera differ from other genera of the subfamily by the following features: in females of Gunabopicobia, propodonotal setae vi are situated anterior to the level of setae ve; the narrow lateral propodonotal shields bear bases of setae vi, ve, si and se; the bases of setae 1a-1a are coalesced; the genital setae and the opisthosomal lobes are absent; the leg I with full set of solenidia and apodemes I are devoid of the thorn-like protuberances in the middle part. In females of Lawrencipicobia, the bases of setae 1a-1a are not coalesced; the propodonotal shield is entire; the genital setae are present; legs I are with full set of solenidia. Additionally, two new species belonging to Picobia Haller, 1878 are described, Picobia illadopsae sp. n. parasitising Illadopsis rufipennis (Sharpe) (Passeriformes: Pellorneidae) in Kenya and Picobia phoenicuri sp. n. infecting Phoenicurus moussieri (Olphe-Galliard) in Tunisia. The following species are redescribed, Columbiphilus alectoris (Fain, Bochkov et Mironov, 2000), Lawrencipicobia poicephali (Skoracki et Dabert, 2001) comb. n. and Picobia phoeniculi (Fain, Bochkov et Mironov, 2000). The key to the genera of the Picobiinae is provided.

Keywords: ectoparasites, taxonomy, quill mites, Lawrencipicobia, Gunabopicobia

Received: January 11, 2013; Accepted: March 5, 2013; Published: July 23, 2013


References

  1. Bochkov A.V., Mironov S.V. 1998: Quill mites of the family Syringophilidae Lavoipierre, 1953 (Acariformes: Prostigmata) parasitic on birds (Aves) of the fauna of the former USSR. Acarina 6: 3-16
  2. Bochkov A.V., Mironov S.V., Kravtsova N.T. 2000: Two new syringophilid mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) from the Greenfinch Carduelis chloris (Passeriformes: Fringillidae) from Kirghizia. Genus 11: 351-358
  3. Bochkov A.V., Williams G., Proctor H. 2005: First record of Picobia zumpti (Acari: Syringophilidae) from quills of the rock pigeon in North America and description of the male. Belg. J. Entomol. 7: 121-127
  4. Casto S.D. 1977: Cuculiphilus lobatus gen. n., sp. n. representing a new subfamily of quill mites (Acarina: Syringophilidae) from the groove-billed ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae). Southwest. Natur. 22: 169-176 Go to original source...
  5. Clements J.F., Schulenberg T.S., Iliff M.J., Sullivan B.L., Wood C.L. Roberson D. 2012: The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.7. The Cornell Lab Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist, 01/2013
  6. Fain A., Bochkov A.V., Mironov S.V. 2000: New genera and species of quill mites of the family Syringophilidae (Acari: Prostigmata). Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belg. 70: 33-70
  7. Glowska E., Dragun-Damian A., Dabert J. 2012: Picobia dziabaszewskii sp. nov. (Acari, Syringophilidae) - combined description (morphology with DNA barcode data) of a new quill mite species parasitizing Garrulax formosus (Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae). Zootaxa 3224: 57-61
  8. Glowska E., Skoracki M. 2011: Two new quill mite species (Acari, Cheyletoidea, Syringophilidae) parasitizing Dinemellia dinemelli (Rueppell) (Passeriformes, Ploceidae). Zootaxa 3114: 63-68
  9. Glowska E., Skoracki M., Khourly F. 2007: A new species and new records of syringophilid mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae) from birds of Jordan. Zootaxa 1635: 63-68
  10. Grandjean F. 1939: Les segments postlarvaires de l'hysterosoma chez les oribates (Acariens). Bull. Soc. Zool. (France) 64: 273-284
  11. Grandjean F. 1944: Observations sur les acariens de la famille des Stigmaeidae. Arch. Sci. Phys. Nat. 26: 103-131
  12. Kethley J.B. 1970: A revision of the family Syringophilidae (Prostigmata: Acarina). Contr. Amer. Entomol. Inst. 6: 1-76
  13. Kethley J.B. 1990: Acarina: Prostigmata (Actinedida). In: D.L. Dindal (Ed.), Soil Biology Guide. Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 667-754
  14. Kivganov D.A., Sharafat G.S. 1995: [Review of the family Syringophilidae (Acari) with the description of new genera and species]. Zool. Zh. 74: 82-91. (In Russian.)
  15. Lawrence R.F. 1959: New mites parasites of African birds (Myobiidae, Cheyletidae). Parasitology 49: 416-438 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  16. Sikora B., Fajfer M., Kavetska K., Skoracki M. 2012: Three new species of quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) parasitizing the wrens (Aves: Troglodytidae). Zootaxa 3167: 57-65
  17. Sikora B., Fajfer M., Skoracki M. 2011: Quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) from mimid birds (Aves: Mimidae). Zootaxa 3027: 29-38
  18. Skoracki M. 2011: Quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) of the Palaearctic region. Zootaxa 2840: 1-415
  19. Skoracki M., Antczak M., Riegert J., Fainova D., Mikes V. 2009: New species and new records of quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) inhabiting African passerines (Aves: Passeriformes). Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 55: 123-137
  20. Skoracki M., Bochkov A.V., Wauthy G. 2004: Revision of the quill mites of the genus Picobia Haller, 1878 (Acari: Syringophilidae) with notes on their host-parasite relationships. Insect Syst. Evol. 35: 155-176 Go to original source...
  21. Skoracki M., Dabert J. 2002: A review of parasitic mites of the family Syringophilidae (Acari, Prostigmata) from African birds, with descriptions of four new species. Acta Parasitol. 47: 137-146
  22. Skoracki M., Glowska E. 2008: Two new species of the genus Picobia Haller (Acari: Syringophilidae) from Australian and Indonesian passeriform birds. New Zeal. J. Zool. 35: 281-286 Go to original source...
  23. Skoracki M., Glowska E., Sikora B. 2008: Four new species of the quill mite genus Picobia Haller (Acari: Syringophilidae) parasitizing birds in the Australian region. Zootaxa 1961: 58-68
  24. Skoracki M., Hebda G. 2004: Quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) from Aegithalos caudatus (Passeriformes: Aegithalidae). Zootaxa 691: 1-6
  25. Skoracki M., Hendricks S.A., Spicer G.S. 2010: New species of parasitic quill mites of the genus Picobia (Acari: Syringophilidae: Picobiinae) from North American birds. J. Med. Entomol. 47: 727-742 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  26. Skoracki M., Hromada M., Wamiti W. 2011: A new species and new host records of syringophilid mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) from passerines from Kenya. Zootaxa 2922: 34-40
  27. Skoracki M., Kiljan G. 2002: Picobia paludicola sp. n. a new species of quill mite (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae) from the aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola (Passeriformes: Sylviidae). Zootaxa 91: 1-6
  28. Skoracki M., Magowski W. 2001: Two new species of quill mites of the genus Picobia (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae) from passerine birds of Poland. Acarina 9: 113-119
  29. Skoracki M., Magowski W., Dabert J. 2001: Picobia polonica sp. n. (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae), a new species of quill mite from the domestic hen, Gallus gallus domesticus (Aves: Phasianidae). Folia Parasitol. 48: 154-158 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  30. Skoracki M., O'Connor B. 2010: New taxa of quill mites (Acari: Cheyletoidea: Syringophilidae). Zootaxa 2341: 1-32
  31. Skoracki M., Scibek K., Sikora B. 2012a: New genus and three new species of quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae: Picobiinae) parasitising puffbirds (Aves: Piciformes). Folia Parasitol. 59: 229-236 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  32. Skoracki M., Sikora B. 2011: Quill mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) associated with galliform birds (Aves: Galliformes). Zootaxa 2966: 13-30
  33. Skoracki M., Solarczyk P. 2012: New picobiine mites (Acari: Syringophilidae: Picobiinae) associated with woodcreeper birds (Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae). Zootaxa 3406: 59-66
  34. Skoracki M., Solarczyk P., Sikora B. 2012b: Three new species of picobiine mites (Acari: Syringophilidae) parasitising African flycatchers (Aves: Muscicapidae). Syst. Parasitol. 83: 123-135 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  35. Skoracki M., Zabludovskaya S., Bochkov A.V. 2012c: A review of Prostigmata (Acariformes: Trombidiformes) permanently associated with birds. Acarina 20: 67-107