Folia Parasitologica, vol. 61 (2014), issue 1

Folia Parasitologica 61[1] 18-20 (2014) | 10.14411/fp.2014.012

The first report of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in free-living European bison (Bison bonasus bonasus Linnaeus)

Anna C. Majewska1, Anna Werner1, Władysław Cabaj2, Bożena Moskwa2
1 Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine I, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland;
2 Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland

Toxoplasma gondii Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908 is an apicomplexan parasite with a worldwide distribution. It is of great medical and veterinary importance because it may cause abortion or congenital disease in its intermediate hosts, including man. The European bison, the largest herbivorous animal in Europe, is a species that has been saved from extinction. Twenty-four of 95 examined sera of the European bison (Bison bonasus bonasus) from the Białowieża Forest, Poland collected from 2008 to 2011 were found to be positive for the presence of T. gondii-specific IgG antibodies using a direct agglutination test, with the antibody titre in positive animals ranging from 40 to 18000. Statistically significant differences were observed only between years of sample collection. This is the first report on T. gondii in lowland European bison living in the natural environment.

Keywords: Apicomplexa, serological survey, IgG antibodies, agglutination test, Białowieża Forest, Poland

Received: May 29, 2013; Accepted: January 10, 2014; Prepublished online: January 10, 2014; Published: January 11, 2014


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  18. Accepted 23 September 2013