Folia Parasitologica, vol. 61 (2014), issue 1

Folia Parasitologica 61[1] 21-33 (2014) | 10.14411/fp.2014.008

A review of the genus Paramoniezia Maplestone et Southwell, 1923 (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae), with a new genus, Phascolocestus, from wombats (Marsupialia) and redescriptions of Moniezia mettami Baylis, 1934 and Moniezia phacochoeri (Baylis, 1927) comb. n. from African warthogs (Artiodactyla)

Ian Beveridge
Department of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne, Veterinary Clinical Centre, Werribee, Victoria, Australia

Paramoniezia suis Maplestone et Southwell, 1923 is redescribed from the type and only specimen, and is considered to be a genus inquirendum and species inquirenda, possibly based on a host misidentification. Paramoniezia phacochoeri Baylis, 1927 is redescribed from new material from Phacochoerus africanus (Gmelin) from South Africa and is transferred to Moniezia Blanchard, 1891 as M. phacochoeri (Baylis, 1927) comb. n. A redescription of M. mettami Baylis, 1934, also from Ph. africanus, establishes the independence of the two congeneric species parasitizing warthogs. A new genus, Phascolocestus, is erected for Paramoniezia johnstoni Beveridge, 1976 from vombatid marsupials as Phascolocestus johnstoni (Beveridge, 1976) comb. n., and additional host and distributional data are provided for this species.

Keywords: taxonomy, Paramoniezia suis, new genus, Australia, Africa

Received: June 14, 2013; Accepted: July 28, 2013; Prepublished online: January 10, 2014; Published: January 11, 2014


References

  1. Ba T., Wang X.Q., Renaud F., Euzet L., Marchand B., De Meeues T. 1993: Diversity and specificity in cestodes of the genus Moniezia: genetic evidence. Int. J. Parasitol. 23: 853-857 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  2. Baer J.G. 1927: Monographie de la famille des Anoplocephalidae. Bull. Biol. France Belge, Suppl. 10: 1-241
  3. Baylis H.A. 1927: On two adult cestodes from wild swine. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9, 19: 417-425
  4. Baylis H.A. 1934: Notes on four cestodes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 10, 14: 587-594
  5. Baylis H.A. 1935: Note on the cestode Moniezia (Fuhrmannella) transvaalensis (Baer, 1925). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 10, 15: 673-675
  6. Beveridge I. 1976: A taxonomic revision of the Anoplocephalidae (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) of Australian marsupials. Aust. J. Zool., Suppl. Ser. 44: 1-110 Go to original source...
  7. Beveridge I. 1978: A taxonomic revision of the genera Cittotaenia Riehm, 1881, Ctenotaenia Railliet, 1893, Mosgovoyia Spasskii, 1951 and Pseudocittotaenia Tenora, 1976 (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae). Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, N. Ser. A, Zool. 10: 1-64
  8. Beveridge I. 1994: Family Anoplocephalidae Cholodkovsky, 1902. In: L.F. Khalil, A. Jones and R.A. Bray (Eds.), Keys to the Cestode Parasites of Vertebrates. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 315-366
  9. Beveridge I. 1998: Taxonomic revision of the genus Cloacina von Linstow (Nematoda: Strongyloidea) from macropodid marsupials. Invert. Taxon. 12: 273-508 Go to original source...
  10. Beveridge I. 2009: A re-description of Progamotaenia ewersi (Schmidt, 1975) (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) from wallabies and kangaroos (Macropodidae), with the description of a new species, P. ualabati n. sp. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 133: 1-17
  11. Boomker J., Horak I.G., Booyse D.G., Meyer S. 1991: Parasites of South African wildlife. VIII. Helminth and arthropod parasites of warthogs, Phacochoerus aethiopicus, in the eastern Transvaal. Onderst. J. Vet. Res. 58: 195-202
  12. Chilton N.B., O'Callaghan M.G., Beveridge I., Andrews R.H. 2007: Genetic markers to distinguish Moniezia expansa from M. benedeni (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) and evidence of the existence of cryptic species in Australia. Parasitol. Res. 100: 1187-1192 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  13. Graber M., Blanc P., Delavenay R. 1980: Helminthes des animaux d'Ethiopie. I. Mammiferes. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Tropic. 33: 143-158 Go to PubMed...
  14. Grubb P. 1993: Wart hog. In: D. Wilson and D. Reeder (Eds.), Mammal Species of the World, Vol. 1, 2nd Edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London, 377 pp
  15. Hardman L.M., Haukisalmi V., Beveridge I. 2012: Phylogenetic relationships of the anoplocephaline cestodes of Australasian marsupials and resurrection of the genus Wallabicestus Schmidt, 1975. Syst. Parasitol. 82: 49-63 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  16. Horak I.G., Biggs H.C., Hanssen T.S., Hanssen R.E. 1983: The prevalence of helminth and arthropod parasites of warthog, Phacochoerus aethiopicus, in South West Africa/Namibia. Onderst. J. Vet. Res. 50: 145-148
  17. Horsup A., Johnson C.N. 2008: Northern hairy-nosed wombat Lasiorhinus krefftii (Owen, 1872). In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (Eds.), The Mammals of Australia (3rd Edition). New Holland Publishers, Chatswood, Sydney, pp. 202-204
  18. Jooste R. 1990: A checklist of the helminth parasites of the larger domestic and wild mammals of Zimbabwe. Trans. Zimbabwe Sci. Assoc. 64: 15-32
  19. Mackerras J.M. 1958: Catalogue of Australian mammals and their recorded internal parasites. III. Introduced herbivora and the domestic pig. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 83: 143-153
  20. Mahon J. 1954: Contributions to the helminth fauna of tropical Africa. Tapeworms from the Belgian Congo. Annal. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge, Zool., Ser V, 1: 1-261
  21. Maplestone P.A., Southwell T. 1923: Notes on Australian cestodes. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 17: 317-331 Go to original source...
  22. Mettrick D.F. 1962: Some trematodes and cestodes from mammals of central Africa. Rev. Biol. 3: 149-170
  23. Ortlepp R.J. 1964: Observations on the helminths parasitic in warthogs and bushpigs. Onderst. J. Vet. Res. 31: 11-38
  24. Schmidt G.D. 1986: CRC Handbook of Tapeworm Identification. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 675 pp
  25. Spasskii A.A. 1951: Essentials of Cestodology I. Anoplocephalate Tapeworms of Domestic and Wild Animals. Ed. K.I. Skrjabin. Akademia Nauk CCCP: Moskva. English translation by The Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1963, 783 pp
  26. Speare R., Beveridge I., Johnson P.M., Corner L.A. 1983: Parasites of the agile wallaby, Macropus agilis (Marsupialia). Aust. Wildl. Res. 10: 89-96 Go to original source...
  27. Troncy P.M., Graber M, Thal J. 1972: Enquete sur la pathologie de la faune sauvage en Afrique centrale. Le parasitisme des Suides sauvages. Premiers resultats d'enquete. Rev. Ele. Med. Vet. Pays Trop. 25: 205-218 Go to PubMed...
  28. Yamaguti S. 1959: Systema Helminthum. II. The Cestodes of Vertebrates. Interscience Publishers, New York, 860 pp
  29. Yorke W., Maplestone P.A. 1926: The Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates. J. & A. Churchill, London, 536 pp