Folia Parasitologica, vol. 61 (2014), issue 2

Folia Parasitologica 61[2] 173-181 (2014) | 10.14411/fp.2014.024

The feather mites of nightjars (Aves: Caprimulgidae), with descriptions of two new species from Brazil (Acari: Xolalgidae, Gabuciniidae)

Fabio Akashi Hernandes
Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil

Two new species of feather mites are described from nightjars (Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae) of Brazil: Hartingiella neotropica sp. n. (Xolalgidae) described from Hydropsalis parvula (Gould) and Paragabucinia brasiliensis sp. n. (Gabuciniidae) from H. albicollis (Gmelin). The former differs from the type species by having, in males, the anterior projections on epimerites III towards setae 3b and the adanal shield bearing setae ps3 present; in both sexes, a pair of small sclerites situated posterior to setae se have flat suprategumental processes. Paragabucinia brasiliensis sp. n. differs from P. petitoti (Gaud et Mouchet, 1959) by the smaller size of the incisions in the internal margins of opisthosomal lobes of males. These mites are the first representatives of corresponding genera described from the Neotropical region. The genus Hartingiella Gaud, 1980 was previously known solely from its type species. Keys to males and females of the genus Paragabucinia Gaud et Atyeo, 1975 are presented. In addition, all previous records of feather mites associated with birds of the order Caprimulgiformes of the world are summarised.

Keywords: systematics, taxonomy, Neotropical region, Hartingiella, Paragabucinia

Received: July 25, 2013; Accepted: December 4, 2013; Prepublished online: January 27, 2014; Published: April 14, 2014


  1. Atyeo W.T. 1979: New feather mite taxa (Acarina: Pterolichoidea) from the avian order Caprimulgiformes. J. Med. Entomol. 16: 528-535 Go to original source...
  2. Atyeo W.T., Gaud J. 1966: The chaetotaxy of sarcoptiform feather mites (Acarina: Analgoidea). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 39: 337-346
  3. Atyeo W.T., Peterson P.C. 1977: Trouessartiidae, new status, with the description of a new genus (Acarina: Analgoidea). J. Med. Ent. 13: 737-741 Go to original source...
  4. Bonnet A. 1924: Revision des genres Megninia, Mesalges et genres voisins de la sous-famille des Sarcoptides plumicoles (premiere partie). Bull. Soc. Zool. France 49: 146-188
  5. Clements J.F., Schulenberg T.S., Iliff M.J., Sullivan B.L., Wood C.L., Roberson D. 2013: The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world. World Wide Web electronic publication,, Version 6.8
  6. Dabert J., Ehrnsberger R. 1992: Neue Arten bei der Federmilbenfamilie Ascouracaridae Gaud & Atyeo, 1976. Osnabruecker Naturwiss. Mitt. 18: 109-150
  7. Enout A.M.J., Lobato D.N.C., Diniz F.C., Antonini Y. 2012: Chewing lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) and feather mites (Acari, Astigmata) associated with birds of the Cerrado in Central Brazil. Parasitol. Res. 111: 1731-1742 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  8. Gaud J. 1958: Acariens plumicoles (Analgesoidea) parasites des oiseaux du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Nat. Phys. Maroc. 38: 27-49
  9. Gaud J. 1980: Acariens Sarcoptiformes plumicoles parasites sur les oiseaux Psittaciformes, Strigiformes et Caprimulgiformes en Afrique. Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Centr. Ser. 8 Sci. Zool. 230: 1-106
  10. Gaud J., Atyeo W.T. 1975: Gabuciniidae, famille nouvelle de Sarcoptiformes plumicoles. Acarologia 16: 522-561 Go to PubMed...
  11. Gaud J., Kolebinova M. 1973: Ascouracarus vassilevi n. g., n. sp., Sarcoptiforme plumicole enigmatique parasite de l'engoulevent d'Europe. Acarologia 15: 349-355 Go to PubMed...
  12. Gaud J., Mouchet J. 1959: Acariens plumicoles (Analgesoidea) parasites des oiseaux du Cameroun. II. Analgesidae. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 34: 149-208
  13. Gaud J., Mouchet J. 1961: Deux genres nouveaux de sarcoptiformes plumicoles: un nouveau critere dans la systematique des Analgesoidea. Acarologia 3: 591-598
  14. Griffiths D.A., Atyeo W.T., Norton R.A., Lynch C.A. 1990: The idiosomal chaetotaxy of astigmatid mites. J. Zool. 220: 1-32 Go to original source...
  15. del Hoyo J., Elliot A., Sargatal J. (Eds.) 1999: Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 5. Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, 759 pp. Krantz G.W., Walter D.E. 2009: A Manual of Acarology. Third Ed. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas, 807 pp
  16. Livesey B.C., Zusi R.L. 2007: Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 149: 1-95 Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  17. Mironov S.V. 2011: Feather mites of the genus Pandalura Hull (Astigmata: Psoroptoididae) from owls and Caprimulgiformes. Proc. Zool. Inst. RAS 315: 19-37
  18. Mironov S.V., Fain A. 2003: New feather mites of the family Ascouracaridae (Astigmata: Pterolichoidea) from some parrots and nightjars. Acarologia 43: 99-111
  19. Mironov S.V., Proctor H.C., Barreto M., Zimmerman G. 2007: New genera and species of feather mites of the family Gabuciniidae (Astigmata: Pterolichoidea) from New World raptors (Aves: Falconiformes). Can. Entomol. 139: 757-777 Go to original source...
  20. Vassilev I. 1959: Acariens (Analgesoidea) en Bulgarie. Izv. Bulg. Akad. Nauk., Otdel. biol. med. nauki 3: 7-16. (In Bulgarian with French summary.) Go to PubMed...
  21. Shumilo R.P., Cerny V.V., Tikhon E.I. 1973: [Feather mites (Acariformes: Analgoidea) of wild terrestrial birds in Moldavia and Chernovitzy Oblast of the Ukraine]. Parazity Zhivotnykh i Rastenii, Akademiia nauk Moldavskoi SSR 9: 192-208. (In Russian.)