Folia Parasitologica, vol. 62 (2015)

Folia Parasitologica 62:006 (2015) | 10.14411/fp.2015.006

A new genus and species of proteocephalidean tapeworm (Cestoda), first parasite found in the driftwood catfish Tocantinsia piresi (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) from Brazil

Philippe Vieira Alves1, Alain de Chambrier2, Tomá¹ Scholz3, José Luis Luque4
1 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
2 Department of Invertebrates, Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland;
3 Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Èeské Budìjovice, Czech Republic;
4 Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Frezella gen. n. is proposed to accommodate Frezella vaucheri sp. n. from poorly known auchenipterid fish, Tocantinsia piresi (Miranda Ribeiro), from the Xingú River, one of the principal tributaries of the lower Amazon River in Brazil. The new genus belongs to the Proteocephalinae because of the medullary position of the testes, ovary (yet some follicles penetrate to the cortex on the dorsal side), vitelline follicles and uterus. It differs from other proteocephaline genera in the morphology of the scolex, which includes a metascolex composed of two distinct zones: anterior, strongly wrinkled part posterior to the suckers, and posterior, sparsely folded zone. Frezella can also be differentiated by having the internal longitudinal musculature hypertrophied laterally on both sides, the presence of some ovarian follicles in the cortex on the dorsal side and the presence of additional pair of tiny, thin-walled osmoregulatory canals situated slightly dorsomedian to ventral canals. Frezella vaucheri is the first helminth parasite reported from T. piresi, which occurs in the lower reaches of the Amazon and Tocantins River basins in Brazil.

Keywords: taxonomy, morphology, Proteocephalidea, metascolex, Amazon River basin, Xingú River, Neotropical Region

Received: June 4, 2014; Accepted: August 7, 2014; Prepublished online: December 19, 2014; Published online: January 1, 2015


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