Folia Parasitologica, vol. 62 (2015)

Folia Parasitologica 62:020 (2015) | 10.14411/fp.2015.020

Observations on sporulation of Eimeria bovis (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the European bison Bison bonasus: effect of temperature and potassium dichromate solution

Anna M. Pyziel, Aleksander W. Demiaszkiewicz
W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

The present study was designed to determine the influence of temperature and the addition of potassium dichromate solution (K2Cr2O7) on the efficiency of sporulation of Eimeria bovis (Zublin, 1908), a coccidian species most commonly diagnosed in European bison Bison bonasus (Linnaeus). Sporulation under conventional conditions (2.5% dichromate solution, 23 °C) was completed on the fourth day of incubation (control), whereas the oocyst development took two days more at the temperature of 18 °C, and two days less at 28 °C. Additionally, experimental sporulation of E. bovis at the temperature of 23 °C in the environment of sterilised tap water (without any preservation) took 9 days more compared to control. Finally, oocyst development took 16 weeks when the faces were stored in the refrigerator (3-5 °C) without any special additives. Overall, our results indicate that K2Cr2O7, besides the temperature, plays a crucial role in the process of sporulation of oocysts under laboratory conditions, as the longest delay in sporogony was observed when the faeces were stored without any other additives in the temperature of the refrigerator.

Keywords: coccidia, experimental development of oocysts, wisent, Bialowieza Primeval Forest

Received: August 12, 2014; Accepted: January 13, 2015; Published online: March 23, 2015


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