Folia Parasitologica, vol. 62 (2015)

Folia Parasitologica 62:023 (2015) | 10.14411/fp.2015.023

Screening for anthelmintic resistance in equid strongyles (Nematoda) in Romania

Mihai Cernea1, Romeo T. Cristina2, Laura C. Ștefănuț1, Luís M. Madeira de Carvalho3, Marian A. Taulescu1, Vasile Cozma1
1 University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania;
2 Banat University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Timișoara, Romania;
3 Interdisciplinary Centre of Research in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Resistance to anthelmintic medication of equid strongyles is a worldwide phenomenon and for this reason systematic investigations of resistant parasite populations are necessary. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence and distribution of equid strongyles resistant to the anthelmintics used in Romania, as well as the pre-treatment and post-treatment prevalence of species of strongylid nematodes. The Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test was performed between 2010 and 2013 on a total number of 588 horses and 23 donkeys from 26 locations (subgroups). Animals of the first group (I) consisting of subgroups no. 1-11 were treated with Albendazole (ABZ), those of the second group (II) consisting of subgroups no. 12-23 with Fenbendazole (FBZ), while Ivermectin (IVM) was used on animals of the third group (III) consisting of subgroups no. 24-26. Resistant strongyles have been found in 82% (average lower limit of the 95% confidence interval, LCL95%, was 65) of the total equids from the group treated with ABZ. In the group of horses treated with FBZ, resistant strongyles were identified in 75% of the subgroups (LCL95% = 44). No resistant strongyles have been identified in IVM-treated horse groups (LCL95% = 98). The pre-treatment prevalence of the species of the Strongylinae Müller, 1780 was 22%, whereas that with nematodes of the subfamily Cyathostominae Molin, 1861 78%. Post-treatment reduction of strongyline nematodes was observed (5%), which demonstrates the sensitivity of large strongyles to common anthelmintics. The post-treatment prevalence of cyathostomes was of 95%, which proves their resistance, especially to ABZ- and FBZ-based anthelmintics.

Keywords: horse, donkey, Strongylinae, Cyathostominae, benzimidazoles, Ivermectin

Received: August 22, 2014; Accepted: January 13, 2015; Published online: April 17, 2015


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