Folia Parasitologica, vol. 62 (2015)

Folia Parasitologica 62:036 (2015) | 10.14411/fp.2015.036

The feather louse genus Mulcticola Clay et Meinertzhagen, 1938 (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from Brazil, with descriptions of five new species and catalogue for species described in the genus

Michel P. Valim1, Kamila M. D. Kuabara2
1 Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil;
2 Universidade São Judas Tadeu, São Paulo, Brazil

Five new species of Mulcticola Clay et Meinertzhagen, 1938 are described and illustrated from Brazil. These new species and their hosts are: Mulcticola sicki sp. n. from the sand-coloured nighthawk, Chordeiles rupestris rupestris (Spix), Mulcticola bacurau sp. n. from the common pauraque, Nyctidromus albicollis (Gmelin), Mulcticola tendeiroi sp. n. from the long-trained nightjar, Macropsalis forcipata (Nitzsch), Mulcticola piacentinii sp. n. from the short-tailed nighthawk, Lurocalis semitorquatus semitorquatus (Gmelin) (type-host) and L. s. nattereri (Temminck), and Mulcticola parvulus sp. n. from the little nightjar, Setopagis parvula (Gould). These species were compared primarily with Mulcticola nacunda Carriker, 1945 from the nacunda nighthawk, Chordeiles nacunda nacunda (Vieillot), which is one of the species of Mulcticola previously recorded in the Neotropical region. All the five new species described herein differ from their congeners by exclusive characters such as the shape of anterior dorsal head plate, metasternal plate, subvulvar plates in females and genitalia in males. We increased the number of species in Mulcticola to 18 in total, with seven of them now known from the Neotropics. We present the main morphological characters to distinguish Mulcticola from other species of the Philopteridae parasitising Caprimulgiformes and also compile a detailed catalogue for species included in this louse genus.

Keywords: taxonomy, Caprimulgidae, chewing lice, nighjars, nighthawks, Neotropical region

Received: January 8, 2015; Accepted: April 16, 2015; Published online: July 22, 2015


References

  1. Adam C. 2008: Morphological, systematic, faunistic and parasitological study of some species of chewing lice (Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) parasitizing birds in Romania. PhD thesis. Universitatea din Bucureşti, Bucharest, 438 pp. (In Romanian.)
  2. Balát F. 1957: Beiträge zur Mallophaga-Fauna der westlichen Teile Ungarns (Transdanubien) I. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung. 4: 445-458.
  3. Balát F. 1977: Enumeratio insectorum Bohemoslovakiae: Mallophaga. Acta Faun. Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae, Suppl. 4: 45-52.
  4. Blagoveshtchensky D.I. 1951: [Mallophaga of Tadzhikistan]. Parazitologicheskii Sbornik 13: 272-327. (In Russian.)
  5. Carriker M.A. Jr. 1945: Neotropical Mallophaga miscellany. No. 1. New species of Struthiolipeurus, Mulcticola, Microtenia [sic] and Pseudocophorus. Bol. Entomol. Venez. 4: 165-189.
  6. Carriker M.A. Jr. 1947: Neotropical Mallophaga miscellany No. 2. The genus Ibidoecus Cummings. Bol. Entomol. Venez. 6: 111-136.
  7. Carriker M.A. Jr. 1957: Notes on some of the Vernon L. Kellogg types of Mallophaga. Microentomology 22: 95-110.
  8. Cicchino A.C. 1989: Nyctibicola longirostris, new genus and species (Phthiraptera, Ischnocera, Philopteridae) parasitic on the 'urutau', Nyctibius griseus cornutus (Vieillot) (Aves, Caprimulgiformes, Nyctibiidae). Rev. Suisse Zool. 96: 445-449.
  9. Cicchino A.C., Valim M.P. 2008: Three new species of Formicaphagus Carriker, 1957 (Phthiraptera, Ischnocera, Philopteridae), parasitic on Thamnophilidae and Conopophagidae (Aves, Passeriformes). Zootaxa 1949: 37-50.
  10. Clay T. 1949: Some problems in the evolution of a group of ectoparasites. Evolution 3: 279-299. Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  11. Clay T. 1951: An introduction to a classification of the avian Ischnocera (Mallophaga): Part I. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 102: 171-195. Go to original source...
  12. Clay T. 1957: The Mallophaga of birds. In: J.G. Baer (Ed.), First Symposium on Host Specificity Among Parasites of Vertebrates. University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, pp. 120-158.
  13. Clay T, Meinertzhagen R. 1938: New genera and species of Mallophaga. The Entomologist 71: 275-279.
  14. Denny H. 1842: Monographia Anoplurorum Britanniae or an Essay on the British Species of Parasitic Insects. Henry G. Bohn. 255 pp.
  15. Dickinson E.C., Remsen Jr. J.V. (Eds.) 2013: The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Fourth Edition, Vol. 1 Non-passerines. Aves Press, Eastbourne, 461 pp.
  16. Dik B. 2009: [The first report of Mulcticola hypoleucus (Denny, 1842) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) from nightjars (Caprimulgus europaeus L.) in Turkey.] Turk. Parazitol. Derg. 33: 212-214. (In Turkish.) Go to PubMed...
  17. Emerson K.C. 1960: Notes on the Osborn Mallophaga types. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 73: 155-165.
  18. Emerson K.C., Elbel R.E. 1957: Two new species of Mulcticola (Philopteridae: Mallophaga). Can. Entomol. 89: 420-423. Go to original source...
  19. Emerson K.C., Price R.D. 1966: A new genus and two new species of Ischnocera occurring on frogmouths (Podargidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 68: 224-227.
  20. Enout A.M.J., Lobato D.N.C., Diniz F.C., Antonini Y. 2012: Chewing lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) and feather mites (Acari, Astigmata) associated with birds of the cerrado in Central Brazil. Parasitol. Res. 111: 1731-1742. Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  21. Galloway T.D. 2007: Ectoparasites (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae; Acari: Ixodidae) of common nighthawk, Chordeiles minor, and Whip-poor-will, Caprimulgus vociferus (Caprimulgiformes: Caprimulgidae), in Manitoba. J. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 137: 2-9.
  22. Giebel C.G.A. 1874: Insecta Epizoa. Die auf Säugetieren und Vögeln schmarotzen den Insecten nach Chr. Nitzsch's Nachlass bearbeilet XIV. Otto Wigand., 308 pp.
  23. Hackman W. 1994: [Chewing lice (Phthiraptera: Mallophaga) parasitising birds in Finland.] Mem. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 70: 35-70. (In Finnish.)
  24. Harrison L. 1916: The genera and species of Mallophaga. Parasitology 9: 1-156. Go to original source...
  25. Hopkins G.H.E., Clay T. 1952: A Check List of the Genera & Species of Mallophaga. British Museum of Natural History, London, 362 pp.
  26. Ilieva M.N. 2009: Checklist of the chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from wild birds in Bulgaria. Zootaxa 2138: 1-66.
  27. Johnson K.P., Shreve S.M., Smith V.S. 2012: Repeated adaptive divergence of micro habitat specialization in avian feather lice. BMC Biology 10: 52. Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  28. Kellogg V.L. 1896: New Mallophaga, II, from land birds; together with an account of the mallophagous mouth-parts. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Series 2) 6: 431-548.
  29. Lakshminarayana K.V. 1979: A synoptic list of Mallophaga sens. lat. (Phthiraptera: Insecta) from India and adjacent countries together with host and regional indices. Rec. Zool. Surv. India. Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. 75: 39-201.
  30. Ledger J.A. 1980: Phthiraptera (Insecta). S. Afr. Inst. Med. Res. 327 pp.
  31. Martín-Mateo M.P., Gallego J. 1977: Malófagos recogidos sobre aves en Cataluña. Graellsia 31: 193-211.
  32. Mey E. 1994: Beziehungen zwischen Larvenmorphologie und Systematik der Adulti bei den Vogel-Ischnozeren (Insecta, Phthiraptera, Ischnocera). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 70: 3-84. Go to original source...
  33. Mey E. 2004: Verzeichnis der Tierläuse (Phthiraptera) Deutschlands. In: Klausnitzer B. (Ed.), Entomofauna Germanica 6, Entomol. Nachr. Ber. 8, pp. 72-129.
  34. Oniki Y. 1999: Avian parasites and notes on habits of lice from Mato Grosso, Brazil. Iheringia, Zool. 86: 183-190.
  35. Palma R.L. 1978: Slide mounting of lice: a detailed description of the Canada Balsam technique. N. Z. Entomol. 6: 432-436. Go to original source...
  36. Piaget E. 1885: Les Pédiculines. Essai Monographique. Supplement, E. J. Brill. XII, 200 pp.
  37. Price R.D., Hellenthal R.A., Palma R.L. 2003: World checklist of chewing lice with host associations and keys to families and genera. In: Price R.D., Hellenthal R.A., Palma R.L., Johnson K.P., Clayton D.H. (Eds.), The Chewing Lice: World Checklist and Biological Overview. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication 24, 1-448 pp.
  38. Rékási J. 1993: Bird lice (Mallophaga) parasiting [sic] the birds of Hungary. Aquila. 100: 71-93.
  39. Tendeiro J. 1960: Étudessur les Mallophages africains. Estud. Ens. Doc. 65: 1-234.
  40. Tendeiro J. 1961: Une nouvelle espèce de mallophage, Mulcticola wolffi n. sp. (Ischnocera, Philopteridae), parasite de Caprimulgus inornatus inornatus Heuglin. Atlantide Rep. 6: 129-133.
  41. Tendeiro J. 1962: Études sur les Mallophages. Observations aditionelles sur le genre Mulcticola (Ischnocera, Philopteridae), avec la description de quelques nouvelles espèces. Bol. Cult. Guiné Port. 17: 345-373.
  42. Valim M.P., Palma R.L. 2012: Redescriptions of two species and descriptions of three new species of the louse genus Bizarrifrons Eichler, 1938 (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae). Zootaxa 3273: 28-50.
  43. Valim M.P., Silveira L.F. 2014: A new species and five new records of chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) from an isolated population of the solitary tinamou Tinamus solitarius (Aves: Tinamiformes). Zootaxa 3838: 127-142. Go to original source... Go to PubMed...
  44. Vas J., Rékási J., Rózsa L. 2012: A checklist of lice of Hungary (Insecta: Phthiraptera). Ann. Hist.-nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 104: 5-109.
  45. Złotorzycka J. 1978: [Chewing lice - Mallophaga 5. Superfamily Philopteroidea, family Rallicolidae]. Pol. Towar. Entomol.. 15: 1-86. (In Polish.)