Folia Parasitologica, vol. 63 (2016)

Folia Parasitologica 63:030 (2016) | 10.14411/fp.2016.030

Toxoplasmosis in Nigeria: the story so far (1950-2016): a review

John Asekhaen Ohiolei, Clement Isaac
Department of Zoology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria

Toxoplasmosis is caused by intracellular protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908). Cats and other felids are the definitive hosts. It could be transmitted to man and animals by consumption of infected undercooked meat and contaminated food items including drinking water. Results of toxoplasmosis epidemiological surveys in animals and humans in South-West, North-West, North-East and North-Central Zones of Nigeria have been reported with greater impact on the health of pregnant women and HIV-infected individuals. Meanwhile, studies in states within the South-South and South-East Zones are relatively scanty or non-existent. Overall, the seroprevalence of human toxoplasmosis in Nigeria is estimated at 32% with the following reports for North-West (32%), North-East (22%), North-Central (24%) and South-West (37%). Information on the genetic diversity of isolates of T. gondii in humans and animals including the role of the environment in transmission and maintenance of the disease are highly needed.

Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii, seroprevalence, humans, animals, environment, Nigeria

Received: April 10, 2016; Accepted: July 11, 2016; Published online: August 22, 2016


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