Folia Parasitologica, vol. 35 (1988), issue 2

SCANNING ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY OF THE EGG, SPOROCYST, CERCARIA, METACERCARIA, AND ADULT OF OPISTHIOGLYPHE-RANAE (FROLICH, 1791) (TREMATODA, PLAGIORCHIIDAE)

J BUSTA, V NASINCOVA

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 97 (1988)

ULTRASTRUCTURE OF THE DIGESTIVE-TRACT OF BRACHYLAIMUS-AEQUANS (TREMATODA, BRACHYLAIMOIDEA)

Z ZDARSKA, J STERBA, T N SOBOLEVA, J VALKOUNOVA

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 105 (1988)

The first finding of the tapeworm Proteocephalus macrocephalus (Creplin, 1825) (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae) in Czechoslovakia.

T Scholz, T Kepr

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 111-112 (1988)

Granulinema gen. n. a new dracunculoid genus with two new species (G. carcharhini sp. n. and G. simile sp. n.) from the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes), from Louisiana, USA.

F Moravec, M D Little

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 113 (1988)

Two new species of dracunculoid nematodes, G. carcharhini sp. n. and G. simile sp. n., representing a new genus Granulinema gen. n. (Dracunculoidea: Micropleuridae) are described from the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, from Louisiana (Lake Borgne), USA; the site of their localization in the host is unknown (probably abdominal cavity). The nematodes of both species were found in tissue juice and only males, juvenile females and body fragments of more advanced but nongravid females were obtained. Granulinema gen. n. differs from Micropleura, the only other genus in the family Micropleuridae, mainly by the presence of marked, dark excretory corpuscles...

SCANNING ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY OF ADULT DIPLOTRIAENA-TRIDENS (MOLIN, 1858) BOULENGER, 1928 (NEMATODA, DIPLOTRIAENOIDEA)

E J LOPEZ-CABALLERO, E LEGORBURO, S CANOMARTIL

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 121 (1988)

Revision of the genus Anguillicola Yamaguti, 1935 (Nematoda: Anguillicolidae) of the swimbladder of eels, including descriptions of two new species, A. novaezelandiae sp. n. and A. papernai sp. n.

F Moravec, H Taraschewski

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 125-146 (1988)

The genus Anguillicola is reviewed on the basis of the examination of some type specimens and other material. Two new species are described: A. novaezelandiae sp. n. from Anguilla australis (type host) from New Zealand and A. anguilla from Italy (conspecific nematodes were originally reported from Italy as A. australiensis) and A. papernai sp. n. from Anguilla mossambica from South Africa. At present the genus Anguillicola comprises the following five valid species: A. globiceps Yamaguti, 1935, A. australiensis Johnston et Mawson, 1940, A. crassus Kuwahara, Niimi et Itagaki, 1974, A. novaezelandiae sp. n., and A. papernai sp. n. Two Anguillicola species,...

Bancroftian filariasis in the Igwun basin, Nigeria: an epidemiological, parasitological, and clinical study in relation to the transmission dynamics.

J K Udonsi

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 147-155 (1988)

A 12-months study on bancroftian filariasis was carried out in the Igwun basin, Nigeria. A total of 1,418 individuals (768 males, and 650 females) were examined for microfilaremia and clinical filarial stigmata. There were 14.3% and 11.1% male and female point prevalence rates, respectively, and an overall prevalence of 12.8%. Prevalence rates and microfilarial density increased with age. The highest mff density of 35 mff/20 ml blood occurred in the 40-49 year old male individuals. Disease rates of 55.5 and 65.3% were recorded for males and females respectively. Chyluria (9.3% males, 16.7% females), hydrocele (17.8%), elephantiasis (15.9% males, 29.2%...

Effect of vitamins on Trichinella spiralis Owen, 1835 infection in mice.

V Figallová, J Prokopic

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 157-163 (1988)

The effects of vitamins A, B complex, E, and ADE on the body weight, eosinophilia, intensity of infection and distribution of T. spiralis larvae were studied in mice. The greatest loss of weight followed after the application of vitamins B complex and E. An increased eosinophilia appeared in the majority of infected mice since day 7 p.i., reaching the maximum on day 21 p.i. In mice receiving vitamins B complex, A, and ADE, the increased eosinophilia was observed still on day 60 p.i. The highest levels of eosinophilia occurred after the application of vitamins B complex and E, which was directly proportional to the intensity of infection. The lowest...

Intestinal helminthic infections of cats in Calabar, Nigeria.

N Umeche, A E Ima

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 165-168 (1988)

A study of intestinal helminthic infections of 52 cats (Felis catus) was undertaken in Calabar, Nigeria. Direct smear and zinc sulphate floatation technique were utilized. The following helminths were observed: Toxocara cati (28.85%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.23%), Trichuris felis (5.77%), Dipylidium caninum (23.08%) and Taenia taeniaeformis (9.61%). The worm burdens were generally low, ranging from 2 to 20 per cat. No definite pattern of infection was observed with regard to sex. Trematodes were not seen. The zoonotic and public health aspects of some of these helminths are discussed.

Gastrointestinal parasitoses discovered in agricultural workers in South Bohemia, Czechoslovakia.

J Sterba, O Ditrich, J Prokopic, K Kadlcík

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 169-173 (1988)

In the years from 1975 to 1982 1,750 persons, mostly employed by agricultural enterprises in the South Bohemian Region in Czechoslovakia, were examined. We discovered seven species of parasites: Taenia saginata in 0.3%, Enterobius vermicularis in 10.1%, Giardia lamblia in 1.0%, Endolimax nana in 0.8%, Entamoeba coli in 0.7%, Entamoeba hartmanni in 0.2%, and Chilomastix mesnili in 0.5%. The greatest number of parasites was found in students of the Secondary agricultural and technical school. Only two species of parasites were diagnosed in children of the employees. The incidence of E. vermicularis was 75% in children, in adult employees of agricultural...

A contribution to the parasite fauna in winter nests of the common mole (Talpa europaea L.) and incidence of its infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBE) and rickettsia Coxiella burnetii.

E Kocianová, O Kozuch

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 175-180 (1988)

A total of 45 winter nests of the common mole (Talpa europaea L.) from the Záhorska lowland (western Slovakia) were investigated in January through March during the years 1981-1985. Seven species of fleas with the eudominant species Ctenophthalmus assimilis were found in them, the other species were subrecedent. The acarinium of the mole winter nests was composed of 19 mite species. Predominant were euryphagous species Haemogamasus nidi, H. hirsutus, Eulaelaps stabularis and Androlaelaps fahrenholzi. TBE virus was detected in samples prepared from suspensions of the mites H. nidi, H. hirsutus, Hirstionyssus talpae and A. fahrenholzi and the fleas Ct....

Rapid serological diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis by means of enzyme immunoassay.

L Grubhoffer, K Krivanec, J Kopecký, E Tomková

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 181-187 (1988)

A system of IgM-capture EIA made up from Czechoslovak immunopreparations (SEVAC) was developed for a rapid serological diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). The method was tested on clinical material. The total IgM antibody titres were detected using pig antiserum and the selection of specific IgM antibodies was made with TBE antigen with following indirect way of detection. The antibody analysis made by means of this method is sensitive and fully conforms to the clinical picture of the disease.

Paraquadriacanthus nasalis gen. et sp. n. (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) from Clarias lazera Cuvier et Valenciennes.

R Ergens

Folia Parasitologica 35[2] 189-191 (1988)

Paraquadriacanthus nasalis gen. et sp. n. (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) is described from the nasal cavities of the freshwater fish, Clarias lazera Cuvier et Valenciennes (Clariidae) from the River Nile near Cairo, Egypt.