Folia Parasitologica, vol. 49 (2002), issue 1


Jiří Lom, Vladimír Bukva

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 1 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.001

Fine structure of erythrocytic stages of a Plasmodium tropiduri-like malaria parasite found in the lizard Kentropyx calcarata (Teiidae) from north Brazil

Ilan Paperna, Ralph Lainson

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 2-8 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.002

The fine structure is described of the merogonic stages and gametocytes of a Plasmodium tropiduri Aragão et Neiva, 1909-like parasite infecting the teiid lizard Kentropyx calcarata Spix from North Brazil. The trophozoites are bordered by two membranes, and with growth a pellicle is formed by the addition of an inner, thick double layer and fragmented membrane. The same type of inner membrane occurs in the pellicle of the merozoites differentiating from the meronts. Merozoites contained a large electron-dense body, sometimes seen to be embraced by a tubular mitochondrion with a dense matrix. Micro- and macrogametocytes are bounded...

Occurrence of a new microsporidium in the skeletal muscle of the flying fish Cypselurus pinnatibarbatus japonicus (Exocoetidae) from Yakushima, Japan

Hiroshi Yokoyama, Sun-Joung Lee, Andrew S. Bell

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 9-15 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.003

A new microsporidium was observed in the flying fish Cypselurus pinnatibarbatus japonicus (Franz) (Exocoetidae) from Yakushima, Japan. Visual examination revealed the microsporidium to form white elongate nodules in the host's trunk muscle. Monomorphic spores were ovoid to pyriform in shape, with average dimensions of 4.1 × 2.2 µm and possessing a polar tube describing 13-15 coils. Histological observations showed that each parasite focus of infection was encapsulated by a host-produced fibrous membrane. The presence of sporophorous vesicles was not clearly determined. Ribosomal DNA sequence analyses showed the microsporidium to be discrete...

S. Klimpel, A. Seehagen, H.-W. Palm, H. Rosenthal: Deep-water Metazoan Fish Parasites of the World.

Tomáš Scholz

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 16 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.004

Logos Verlag, Berlin, 2001. ISBN 3-89722-681-2, paperback, 1316 pp. Price EUR 31.00.

F. Moravec: Checklist of the Metazoan Parasites of Fishes of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic (1873-2000).

Tomáš Scholz

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 16 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.005

Academia, Praha, 2001. ISBN 80-200-0907-8, hardback, 168 pp. Price CZK (Czech crowns) 195.00.

Kudoa dianae sp. n. (Myxosporea: Multivalvulida), a new parasite of bullseye puffer, Sphoeroides annulatus (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae)

Iva Dyková, Emma Josefina Fajer Avila, Ivan Fiala

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 17-23 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.006

A new multivalvulid myxosporean species, Kudoa dianae sp. n., is described from bullseye puffer, Sphoeroides annulatus (Jenyns) (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae). Plasmodia develop in extramuscular sites, in the wall of oesophagus and less frequently on mesenteries. Mature spores can reach lumen of the digestive tract directly by disruption of plasmodial wall or via macrophage transport to the oesophageal epithelium. New species is characterised by morphology of spores and by the complete sequence of SSU rRNA gene that differs from all hitherto known sequences of Kudoa species. Spore morphology (moderate-sized, simple non-ornate...

F. Moravec: Trichinelloid Nematodes Parasitic in Cold-blooded Vertebrates.

Vlastimil Baruš

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 24 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.007

Academia, Praha, 2001. ISBN 80-200-0805-5, hardback, 430 pp., 138 figs. Price CZK (Czech crowns) 395.00.

Development and release of a malacosporean (Myxozoa) from Plumatella repens (Bryozoa: Phylactolaemata)

David John Morris, Donald Charles Morris, Alexandra Adams

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 25-34 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.008

During an experiment to transmit Tetracapsula bryosalmonae Canning, Curry, Feist, Longshaw et Okamura, 1999 to a laboratory-cultured bryozoan, Plumatella repens L. a previously undescribed malacosporean species was noted. This parasite produced sacs of spores in the host that reached 1.2 mm in length. The spores released from the sacs appeared similar in size to the two species of Tetracapsula previously described although slight differences in form were noted. Release of spores from the bryozoans was observed associated with the lophophore of the host. The use of experimental bryozoan cultures for the examination of malacosporeans...

Neotropical Monogenoidea. 40. Protorhinoxenus prochilodi gen. n., sp. n. (Monogenoidea: Ancyrocephalinae), parasite of Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes: Prochilodontidae) from South Brazil

Marcus V. Domingues, Walter A. Boeger

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 35-38 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.009

The monotypic Protorhinoxenus gen. n. is proposed to accommodate a species with the following characteristics: 1) tubular sclerotised vagina, 2) vaginal pore dextrolateral, 3) ventral and dorsal anchors with undifferentiated elongate shaft and base (representing approximately 2/3 of the length of anchor), and 4) superficial and deep roots of ventral and dorsal anchors lacking. Protorhinoxenus prochilodi sp. n. is described from the gills of Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes) of the Represa Capivari-Cachoeira, Municipality of Campina Grande do Sul, metropolitan area of Curitiba, Paraná. Specimens of other probable new species...

Preliminary characterisation and extraction of anterior adhesive secretion in monogenean (platyhelminth) parasites

Tamarind E. Hamwood, Bronwen W. Cribb, Judy A. Halliday, Graham C. Kearn, Ian D. Whittington

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 39-49 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.010

Secreted anterior adhesives, used for temporary attachment to epithelial surfaces of fishes (skin and gills) by some monogenean (platyhelminth) parasites have been partially characterised. Adhesive is composed of protein. Amino acid composition has been determined for seven monopisthocotylean monogeneans. Six of these belong to the Monocotylidae and one species, Entobdella soleae (van Beneden et Hesse, 1864) Johnston, 1929, is a member of the Capsalidae. Histochemistry shows that the adhesive does not contain polysaccharides, including acid mucins, or lipids. The adhesive before secretion and in its secreted form contains no dihydroxyphenylalanine...

Redescription of Andrya cuniculi (Blanchard, 1891) (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae), a parasite of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Lagomorpha) in Spain

František Tenora, Božena Koubková, Carlos Feliu

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 50-54 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.011

Andrya cuniculi (Blanchard, 1891) (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) is redescribed from Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) from Spain. Large ranges of variability in body length and width, testes number and position of the cirrus sac were observed. An external seminal vesicle covered with small glandular cells is present. The pattern of development of the uterus is similar to that of Andrya rhopalocephala (Riehm, 1881). The only reliable differential characters to distinguish A. cuniculi from A. rhopalocephala are the position of the uterus in gravid segments and the position of the testes in mature segments. The uterus of A....

Redescription of Proteocephalus bagri and P. rhamdiae (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae), parasites of Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) from South America, with comments on morphological variation

Alicia A. Gil de Pertierra

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 55-66 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.012

The pimelodid fish Rhamdia quelen (Quoy et Gaimard, 1824) in South America harbours two species of proteocephalid cestodes, Proteocephalus bagri Holcman-Spector et Mañé-Garzón, 1988 and P. rhamdiae Holcman-Spector et Mañé-Garzón, 1988. These species are redescribed based on a detailed morphological study, supported by multivariate analysis (principal component analysis). Features distinguishing these species are: (1) the shape of proglottides, (2) the mean number of testes, (3) the topography of vitelline follicles, (4) the thickness of internal longitudinal musculature, (5) the mean number of uterine branches, (6)...

Redescription of the female of Gnathia africana (Crustacea: Isopoda: Gnathiidae) from southern Africa

Nico J. Smit, Jo G. Van As, Linda Basson

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 67-72 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.013

A redescription of the female of the temporary fish parasite, Gnathia africana Barnard, 1914 is provided from specimens reared from final-stage G. africana praniza larvae collected from their intertidal fish hosts along the south coast of southern Africa. It differs from other known gnathiid females in the shape of the frontal border and the number and basic form of pylopod articles. This redescription aims to establish a format for future descriptions and redescriptions of gnathiid females.

Bacterial colonisation in the gut of Phlebotomus duboscqi (Diptera: Psychodidae): transtadial passage and the role of female diet

Petr Volf, Alena Kiewegová, Alexandr Nemec

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 73-77 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.014

Bacteria isolated from the gut of different developmental stages of Phlebotomus duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire, 1906 belonged almost all to aerobic or facultatively anaerobic gram-negative rods. In females, the highest bacterial counts were observed two days after bloodfeeding; seven days after bloodfeeding the bacterial counts returned to pre-feeding levels. Most isolates were identified phenotypically as Ochrobactrum sp. The distinctiveness and homogeneity of the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Ochrobactrum isolates indicated that they belonged to a single strain (designated AK). This strain was acquired by larvae from food...

Congratulations on the 80th birthday of Professor Bohumír Rosický

The Editors

Folia Parasitologica 49[1] 78 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.015