Folia Parasitologica, vol. 56 (2009), issue 4

Six new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from endangered Phelsuma spp. geckoes (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of the Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius

Peter Daszak, Stanley J. Ball, Carl G. Jones, Daniel G. Streicker, Keith R. Snow

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 233-241 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.027

Six new species of coccidia are described from endangered Phelsuma spp. geckoes (Sauria: Gekkonidae) endemic to Mauritius, Indian Ocean. Five new species (3 Eimeria and 2 Isospora species) are described from Phelsuma rosagularis Vinson et Vinson; all lack a micropyle and an oocyst residuum, and all have a sporocyst residuum. Oocysts of Eimeria swinnertonae sp. n. are ellipsoidal, 22.2 × 17.8 (20.8-24.8 × 16.8-18.4) μm; SI 1.25; polar granule absent. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal, 8.8 × 7.0 (8.0-9.6 × 6.4-8.0) μm; SI 1.3; Stieda body absent. Oocysts of Eimeria stebbinsi sp. n. are ellipsoidal, 17.4 × 11.7...

CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells prevent the development of Th1 immune response by inhibition of dendritic cell function during the early stage of Plasmodium yoelii infection in susceptible BALB/c mice

Wei Zheng, Qing-hui Wang, Hui Feng, Jun Liu, Hong-rui Meng, Ya-ming Cao

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 242-250 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.028

Protective immunity against murine malaria infection depends largely on the establishment of effective Th1 immune response during the early stages of infection. Experimental data suggest that the death of Plasmodium yoelii 17XL (P.y 17XL) susceptible BALB/c mice results from the suppression of Th1 immune response mediated by CD4+CD25+Foxp3+regulatory T cells (Tregs). However, the mechanism by which Tregs regulate Th1 immune response is poorly understood. Since immunity is initiated by dendritic cells (DCs), we analysed DC responses to P.y 17XL in control and Treg-depleted BALB/c mice. Myeloid DC proliferation, phenotypic maturation...

Response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in skin and fin tissue during infection with a variant of Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae)

Thomas R. Jørgensen, Martin K. Raida, Per W. Kania, Kurt Buchmann

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 251-258 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.029

Response mechanisms of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), experimentally infected with a Danish strain of Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 were investigated using molecular tools (qPCR) and immunohistochemistry. Expression of ten immune-relevant genes and reactivity with five different antibodies in the epidermis of skin and fin tissue were analysed in susceptible but responding rainbow trout. Rainbow trout were susceptible with regard to the parasite strain which initially colonised fins but relocated to the body region as infection progressed. The ten investigated genes encoding the cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IFN-γ,...

Lectinhistochemical detection of terminal carbohydrate residues in the enteric myxozoan Enteromyxum leei parasitizing gilthead seabream Sparus aurata (Pisces: Teleostei): a study using light and transmission electron microscopy

María J. Redondo, Pilar Alvarez-Pellitero

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 259-267 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.030

The presence of terminal carbohydrate residues in Enteromyxum leei (Diamant, Lom et Dyková, 1994) Palenzuela, Redondo et Álvarez-Pellitero, 2002 stages in gilthead seabream intestines was studied at light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) level using lectin histochemical techniques. Abundant mannose and/or glucose residues were demonstrated by the intense staining caused by binding of biotinylated concanavalin A (Con A), at both LM and TEM. A clear positivity was also obtained with Ulex europaeus (UEA I) agglutinin specific for fucose residues. Both lectins stained E. leei proliferative and sporogonic stages,...

Species of Strigea (Digenea: Strigeidae), parasites of the savanna hawk Buteogallus meridionalis (Aves: Accipitridae) from Argentina, with the description of a new species

Lía I. Lunaschi, Fabiana B. Drago

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 268-274 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.031

A new strigeid digenean, Strigea meridionalis sp. n., is described from the small intestine of the savanna hawk, Buteogallus meridionalis (Latham) (Aves: Accipitridae), from Formosa Province, Argentina. This species is characterised by the absence of a neck region in the hindbody, the presence of entire testes, a copulatory bursa with a membranous fold originated from the muscular ring (Ringnapf) and by the arrangement of vitelline follicles in the forebody. Other two strigeid species collected from the savanna hawk, Strigea elliptica (Brandes, 1888) and Strigea microbursa Pearson et Dubois, 1985, are described and...

Ultrastructure of spermiogenesis and mature spermatozoon of Triaenorhina rectangula (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea: Paruterinidae)

Aneta Yoneva, Katia Georgieva, Pavel N. Nikolov, Yana Mizinska, Boyko B. Georgiev, Stoyanka R. Stoitsova

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 275-283 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.032

Ultrastructural characters of spermiogenesis and mature spermatozoon of Triaenorhina rectangula (Fuhrmann, 1908) are examined by transmission electron microscopy. Spermiogenesis follows the Bâ and Marchand's Type III spermiogenesis of cestodes. The process begins with the formation of a differentiation zone containing two centrioles and a cytoplasmic protrusion. The centrioles are associated with vestigial striated roots. One of the centrioles develops a free flagellum externally to the cytoplasmic protrusion. After a slight rotation, the free flagellum fuses with the cytoplasmic protrusion. In the final stage of spermiogenesis, a single crested...

New name for Progrillotia dollfusi Carvajal et Rego, 1983 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha): description of adults from Squatina guggenheim (Chondrichthyes: Squatiniformes) off the coast of Argentina

Adriana Menoret, Verónica A. Ivanov

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 284-294 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.033

Examination of the type material of Progrillotia dollfusi Carvajal et Rego, 1983, and of new specimens recently collected off the coast of Argentina (including plerocerci from 10 species of teleosts and adults from Squatina guggenheim Marini), allowed a detailed redescription of this species and the evaluation of its current taxonomic status. The following characters that have been treated inconsistently by different authors have been herein corrected or confirmed: band of hooklets on external surface restricted to the base of the tentacle, external surface of metabasal region with 3-5 intercalary hooks arranged in a single row merging...

Pseudoacanthocephalus lutzi (Hamann, 1891) comb. n. (Acanthocephala: Echinorhynchidae) for Acanthocephalus lutzi (Hamann, 1891), parasite of South American amphibians

Nathalia J. Arredondo, Alicia A. Gil de Pertierra

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 295-304 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.034

Acanthocephalus lutzi (Hamann, 1891) is proposed to be transferred to the genus Pseudoacanthocephalus Petrochenko, 1956 based on the type material from Rhinella marina (L.) from Brazil and recently collected material from R. arenarum (Hensel) from Argentina. Pseudoacanthocephalus is characterised by the following features: a cylindrical trunk without spines, a cylindrical proboscis, testes in tandem, a compact cluster of cement glands, a nearly terminal male genital pore, a ventral and sub-terminal female genital pore, and egg without polar prolongations, containing a holoechinate acanthor. Pseudoacanthocephalus lutzi...

Redescription of Spinitectus tabascoensis (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) from fishes of the Lacandon rain forest in Chiapas, southern Mexico, with remarks on Spinitectus macrospinosus and S. osorioi

Franti¹ek Moravec, Guillermo Salgado-Maldonado, Juan M. Caspeta-Mandujano, David González-Solís

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 305-312 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.035

Two little-known species of Spinitectus (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) were, for the first time, recorded from fishes of the Lacantún River (Usumacinta River basin) in the Lacandon rain forest, Chiapas, southern Mexico: S. tabascoensis Moravec, García-Magaña et Salgado-Maldonado, 2002 in intestines of Ictalurus furcatus (Valenciennes) (Ictaluridae) (adults and juveniles), Cathorops aguadulce (Meek) and Potamarius nelsoni (Evermann et Goldsborough) (both Ariidae) (in both only juveniles), and S. osorioi Choudhury et Pérez-Ponce de León, 2001 in Atherinella alvarezi (Díaz-Pardo) (Atherinopsidae) (adults...

Acanthochondria serrani sp. n. (Copepoda: Chondracanthidae) parasitic on Serranus auriga (Perciformes: Serranidae) from Argentinean waters

Paola E. Braicovich, Juan T. Timi

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 313-316 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.036

A new species of Acanthochondria Oakley, 1927 (Copepoda, Poecilostomatoida, Chondracanthidae), parasitic on Serranus auriga (Cuvier) from the Argentinean coastal zone, is described and illustrated. The new species differs from its congeners by the relative length of the neck and the protopod of leg 2. This is the second record of this genus for the South-eastern Atlantic and the first one from a serranid host.

First description of the male of Philometra filiformis (Nematoda: Philometridae), a gonad-infecting parasite of the marine fish Pagellus erythrinus (Sparidae) in Mediterranean

Gabriella Gaglio, Salvatore Giannetto, Antonio Panebianco, Franti¹ek Moravec

Folia Parasitologica 56[4] 317-318 (2009) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2009.037

The male of the gonad-infecting nematode Philometra filiformis (Stossich, 1896) (Philometridae) is for the first time described, based on specimens from the ovary of the marine fish Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus) from the Tyrrhenian Sea off Sicily, Italy. It is mainly characterized by the testis extending anteriorly nearly to the anterior end of body, the oesophagus without a usual anterior inflation, the absence of a dorsal barb or distinct transverse lamellae on the tip of the gubernaculum, the measurements of the spicules and the gubernaculum, and a fairly long body.