Folia Parasitologica, vol. 64 (2017)

Folia Parasitologica 64:008 (2017) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2017.008

Three new genera of rhinebothriidean cestodes from stingrays in Southeast Asia

Janine N. Caira1, Claire J. Healy2, Fernando P.L. Marques3, Kirsten Jensen4
1 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA;
2 New Paltz, New York, USA;
3 Departamento de Zoologia - IB, Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo-SP, Brazil;
4 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and the Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA

Three genera of rhinebothriideans, previously referred to as New genus 1, New genus 2 and New genus 4, are erected in the the Anthocephaliidae. New genus 1 is established as Divaricobothrium gen. n., with Divaricobothrium tribelum sp. n. as its type species; Echeneibothrium trifidum Shipley et Hornell, 1906 is transferred to the genus as Divaricobothrium trifidum (Shipley et Hornell, 1906) comb. n. This genus is unique among rhinebothriidean genera in bearing bothridia that are posteriorly deeply divided into two lobes with facial loculi but no apical sucker, and a vagina that extends to near the anterior margin of the proglottid. Its species parasitise Indo-Pacific members of the genera Brevitrygon Last, Naylor et Manjaji-Matsumoto, Maculabatis Last, Naylor et Manjaji-Matsumoto and Pateobatis Last, Naylor et Manjaji-Matsumoto. New genus 2 is established as Barbeaucestus gen. n., with Barbeaucestus jockuschae sp. n. as its type species; Barbeaucestus ralickiae sp. n. is also described. Anthobothrium sexorchidum Williams, 1964 and Rhinebothrium shipleyi Southwell, 1912 are transferred to the genus as Barbeaucestus sexorchidus (Williams, 1964) comb. n. and Barbeaucestus shipleyi (Southwell, 1912) comb. n., respectively. This genus is unique among rhinebothriidean genera in that its bothridia are substantially wider than long, bear an apical sucker and at least one row of two or more facial loculi in their anterior half. Its species parasitise the genera Neotrygon Castelnau and Taeniura Müller et Henle. New genus 4 is established as Sungaicestus gen. n. with transfer of Rhinebothrium kinabatanganensis Healy, 2006, as Sungaicestus kinabatanganensis (Healy, 2006) comb. n., as its type species. Among the genera of its order, this genus most closely resembles Rhinebothrium Linton, 1890, however, despite the original description, the bothridia were found to bear, rather than lack, apical suckers. This monotypic genus is known only from the freshwater stingray Urogymnus polylepis (Müller et Henle). The familial diagnosis of the Anthocephaliidae Ruhnke, Caira et Cox, 2015 is emended. The family now houses five genera.

Keywords: tapeworms, taxonomy, freshwater, Rhinebothriidea, Dasyatidae, batoids, new species, Anthocephaliidae

Received: May 25, 2016; Accepted: October 13, 2016; Published online: April 4, 2017


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