Folia Parasitologica, vol. 59 (2012), issue 4

Molecular survey and microscopic examination of Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) in lacertid lizards from the western Mediterranean

João P.M.C. Maia, Ana Perera, D. James Harris

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 241-248 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.033

The genus Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) is composed of intracellular haemogregarine parasites that are widely distributed among all tetrapod groups. The present study combines microscopic and molecular data on haemogregarine parasites from lizards in the western Mediterranean. We screened tissue samples and examined blood smears for the presence of species of Hepatozoon from four lizards, namely Algyroides marchi Valverde, endemic to Southeast Spain, Podarcis bocagei Seoane from Spain and Portugal, P. hispanica Steindachner from Spain, and P. lilfordi Günther from Cabrera, Balearic Islands...

Morphological description of Isospora alyousifi nom. n. for I. acanthodactyli Alyousif et Al-Shawa, 1997 (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) infecting Acanthodactylus schmidti (Sauria: Lacertidae) in Saudi Arabia

Abdel-Azeem S. Abdel-Baki, Heba M. Abdel-Haleem, Saleh Al-Quraishy

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 249-252 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.034

To date, three species of Isospora Schneider, 1881 have been described from lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus Wiegmann. Two of these, although representing separate species parasitizing two different hosts, Acanthodactylus boskianus Daudin in Egypt and A. schmidti Haas in Saudi Arabia, were described under the name Isospora acanthodactyli. The third species is Isospora abdallahi Modrý, Koudela et ©lapeta, 1998 from A. boskianus in Egypt. In the present study, Isospora alyousifi nom. n. is proposed to accommodate Isospora acanthodactyli Alyousif et Al-Shawa, 1997 (homonym of I. acanthodactyli...

Toxoplasma gondii infection affects cognitive function - corrigendum

Jaroslav Flegr, Wojciech Guenter, Maciej Bieliñski, Aleksander Deptu³a, Patrycja Zalas-Wiêcek, Ma³gorzata Piskunowicz, Krzysztof Szwed, Adam Buciñski, Eugenia Gospodarek, Alina Borkowska

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 253-254 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.035

The characteristics of the expression of heat shock proteins and cox-2 in the liver of hamsters infected with Clonorchis sinensis, and the change of endocrine hormones and cytokines

WonHyung Choi, JongPhil Chu

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 255-263 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.036

The liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Digenea) is a high-risk parasite that causes serious diseases such as cirrhosis, carcinogenic liver damage and clonorchiasis in East Asia. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between stress/endocrine hormones and inflammation induced by infection as well as the expression of heat shock proteins (hsp-27, hsp-90), cox-2 and cytokines in the livers of hamsters infected with C. sinensis. The average body weight of infected hamsters decreased up to 25% compared with that of the control group, and bile duct hyperplasia with inflammation, liver fibrosis and hepatic necrosis were observed...

Breizacanthus aznari sp. n. (Acanthocephala: Arhythmacanthidae) from the banded cusk-eel Raneya brasiliensis (Ophidiiformes: Ophidiidae) from the Patagonian coast in Argentina

Jesús Servando Hernández-Orts, Gema Alama-Bermejo, Enrique Alberto Crespo, Néstor Aníbal García, Juan Antonio Raga, Francisco Esteban Montero

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 264-271 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.037

Breizacanthus aznari sp. n. is described from the banded cusk-eel Raneya brasiliensis (Kaup) (Ophidiiformes: Ophidiidae) from the Patagonian coast in Argentina. Breizacanthus Golvan, 1969 is currently composed of five species (including the new species) and is characterised by the absence of trunk spines, a short cylindrical proboscis with two types of hooks and lemnisci longer than the proboscis receptacle. Breizacanthus aznari is clearly distinguished from B. chabaudi Golvan, 1969 by having 12 longitudinal rows of hooks on the proboscis, instead of 16-18. The new species resembles B. golvani Gaevskaya et...

First report of Potorolepis Spassky, 1994 (Eucestoda: Hymenolepididae) from China, with description of a new species in bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae)

Тatiana А. Makarikova, Arseny A. Makarikov

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 272-278 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.038

Potorolepis gulyaevi sp. n. (Cestoda: Hymenolepididae) is described from the Chinese horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus sinicus Andersen (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae), from southern China. The new species differs from known species of the genus by the shape, number and size of rostellar hooks, the relative position and length of the cirrus-sac and the morphology of gravid uterus. This is the first report of a member of the genus from non-marsupial mammals and the first record of a Potorolepis Spassky, 1994 from eastern Asia. The generic diagnosis of Potorolepis is amended.

A new species of Australotaenia (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) from a snake in Cambodia: host switching or postcyclic parasitism in a distant region?

Alainde Chambrier, Tomá¹ Scholz

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 279-286 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.039

Australotaenia de Chambrier et de Chambrier, 2010 has been proposed to accommodate two species of proteocephalidean cestodes from hylid frogs (Litoria spp.) in Australia. Recently, apparently congeneric cestode, for which the name A. bunthangi sp. n. is proposed, was found in the homalopsid snake Enhydris enhydris (Schneider) (Serpentes: Homalopsidae) from South-East Asia (Cambodia). This finding indicates a much wider range of definitive hosts of species of this genus, i.e. amphibians and reptiles, which is exceptional among proteocephalideans. Postcyclic parasitism, i.e. predation of the definitive host infected with...

Cucolepis cincta gen. n. et sp. n. (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from the squirrel cuckoo Piaya cayana Lesson (Aves: Cuculiformes) from Paraguay

Anna J. Phillips, Jean Mariaux, Boyko B. Georgiev

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 287-294 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.040

Cucolepis gen. n. is erected as monotypic for Cucolepis cincta sp. n., a new species of cyclophyllidean cestode of the family Paruterinidae. The new species is described from the squirrel cuckoo, Piaya cayana Lesson (Aves: Cuculiformes), taken from two localities in Paraguay in 1984 and 1985. This new genus is most similar to the genus Triaenorhina Spasskii et Shumilo, 1965 in terms of the hook morphology and large epiphyseal structures extending from both the handle and guard, but differs in several aspects of the strobilar morphology, such as the shape of the cirrus sac, genital atrium, uterus and paruterine organ. The...

Mathevolepis alpina sp. n. (Cestoda: Hymenolepididae) from an alpine shrew: the first record of the genus in Europe

Rasa Binkienė, Leonas Kontrimavièius

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 295-300 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.041

Mathevolepis alpina sp. n. is described from an alpine shrew, Sorex alpinus, from the Carpathian Region of the Slovak Republic. The new species differs from other species of the genus by the morphology of the male copulatory apparatus, especially the cirrus, which is characterised by asymmetrical parabasal swelling. The new species represents the first record of cestodes of the genus Mathevolepis Spassky, 1948 in Europe, i.e. the western part of the Palaearctic Region. The geographical distribution of species of Mathevolepis is reviewed.

Two new feather mite species (Acari, Pteronyssidae) from the white-barred piculet, Picumnus cirratus (Aves, Piciformes)

Fabio Akashi Hernandes

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 301-307 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.042

Two new species of the feather mite family Pteronyssidae Oudemans, 1941 are described from the white-barred piculet, Picumnus cirratus Temminck from Brazil: Pterotrogus picumni sp. n. and Ramphastobius scutatus sp. n., representing the first mites described from this host. Pterotrogus picumni sp. n. can be readily distinguished from all previous species of the simplex group by having dorsal crest on femora I and II in both sexes. This is the first representative of the genus Pterotrogus Gaud, 1981 recorded on a host of the genus Picumnus Temminck. Ramphastobius scutatus sp. n. is unique among...

Pseudolamproglena boxshalli sp. n. (Lernaeidae: Lamprogleninae) parasitic on gills of Cyprinion macrostomum (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Tigris River, Iraq

Fatima S. Al-Nasiri, Ju-shey Ho, Furhan T. Mhaisen

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 308-310 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.043

A new species of lamproglenine copepods, Pseudolamproglena boxshalli sp. n., is described from gills of the cyprinid fish Cyprinion macrostomum Heckel from the Tigris River in Tikreet, north of Baghdad, Iraq. This is the second species of Pseudolamproglena from Iraq and the fourth in the world. It differs from its three congeners mainly in the armature of antennule, maxilla, maxilliped, legs 1-4 and caudal ramus.

Trichinellosis in mice: effect of albendazole on the glutathione transferase in the intestines

Agnieszka Wojtkowiak-Giera, El¿bieta Wandurska-Nowak, Micha³ Michalak, Monika Derda, Jadwiga £opaciuch

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 311-314 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.044

The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of multifunctional enzymes involved in cellular detoxification. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of albendazole - drug of choice for trichinellosis - on the total activity and kinetics of cytosolic GST in the mouse intestines during experimental trichinellosis. Our results showed a statistically significant decrease in the total GST activity both in the small and large intestines of the mice infected with the nematode Trichinella spiralis (Owen, 1835) and treated with albendazole, compared with the control mice that were infected but untreated with the drug. Furthermore, albendazole...

New data on the morphology of Iheringascaris inquies (Linton, 1901) (Nematoda: Anisakidae), a specific parasite of the marine fish Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus), as revealed by SEM

Franti¹ek Moravec, Justin Yost, Isaurede Buron

Folia Parasitologica 59[4] 315-318 (2012) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2012.045

Specimens of the type species of the ascaridoid genus Iheringascaris Pereira, 1935, I. inquies (Linton, 1901) (Anisakidae), were collected from the digestive tract and mesentery of its type host Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus) (Rachycentridae, Perciformes) from off the Atlantic coast of South Carolina, USA, during May of 2011. Scanning electron microscopical examination, used for the first time for specimens originating from the West Atlantic, made it possible to study in detail some taxonomically important morphological features, such as the number and distribution of male caudal papillae, cephalic and cuticular structures, deirids...