Folia Parasitologica, vol. 47 (2000), issue 2

Trichodinid ciliates (Peritrichia: Trichodinidae) from the Bay of Kiel, with description of Trichodina claviformis sp. n.

Reimer C. Dobberstein, Harry W. Palm

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 81-90 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.018

Investigations on the epizoic fauna of Gadus morhua (L.), Platichthys flesus (L.) and Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) from the Kiel Fjord and Kiel Bight were carried out from September 1996 to March 1997. Smears from 120 G. morhua and 92 P. flesus caught using fish traps and trammel nets, and of 35 O. mykiss obtained from a local fish farm in the Kiel Fjord revealed the presence of three species of trichodinid ciliates, Trichodina claviformis sp. n., Trichodina jadranica Haider, 1964 and Trichodina raabei Lom, 1962. The new species can be distinguished from other trichodinids...

Ultrastructural study of meronts and gamonts of Choleoeimeria rochalimai (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) developing in the gall bladder of the gecko Hemidactylus mabouia from Brazil

Ilan Paperna, Ralph Lainson

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 91-96 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.019

Endogenous development of Choleoeimeria rochalimai (Carini et Pinto, 1926) Lainson et Paperna, 1999 in the gall bladder of Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnes, 1818) from Belém, Brazil is reported at the fine structural level. Meronts and gamonts develop in the epithelial cells of the gall bladder. Infected cells become enlarged and displaced above the epithelial layer. Developing merozoites, dividing meronts and succession of developing microgamonts from initial nuclear division up to final microgamete differentiation are described. In addition to wall forming bodies, mature macrogamonts possess a large inclusion or cisterna with...

Eimeria burdai sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae), a new parasite species from subterranean African silvery mole-rat, Heliophobius argenteocinereus

Bøetislav Koudela, Radim ©umbera, Franti¹ek Sedláèek

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 97-99 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.020

A new coccidian parasite of the genus Eimeria Schneider, 1875 is described from the subterranean African silvery mole-rat Heliophobius argenteocinereus Peters, 1846. Oocysts of Eimeria burdai sp. n. were subspherical to broadly ellipsoidal 17.8 (16-19) × 14.1 (12-15), with a shape index 1.2 (1.1-1.4). Oocyst wall was bilayered, smooth and colourless, approximately 1.0 thick. Outer layer was significantly thicker than inner one. A micropyle and oocyst residuum were absent. One or two ellipsoidal or spherical polar granules were present. Sporocysts were ellipsoidal, 10.8 (9-12) × 6.2 (5-8) with a shape index 1.7 (1.5-1.9). Sporocyst...

Heliocotyle ewingi sp. n. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the gills of Myliobatis australis (Myliobatididae) from Tasmania, Australia

Leslie A. Chisholm, Ian D. Whittington

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 100-104 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.021

Heliocotyle ewingi sp. n. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) is described from the gills of Myliobatis australis Macleay, 1881 (Myliobatididae) collected from Norfolk Bay near Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Heliocotyle ewingi can be distinguished readily from the only other species in the genus, Heliocotyle kartasi Neifar, Euzet et Ben Hassine, 1999, by the presence of a single pseudoseptum on each of the peripheral loculi except the posteriormost, eyespots and by the morphology of the male copulatory organ which is a short, straight sclerotised tube which lacks a sclerotised accessory piece. The generic diagnosis is revised to accommodate...

Neotropical Monogenoidea 37. Redescription of Gyrodactylus superbus (Szidat, 1973) comb. n. and description of two new species of Gyrodactylus (Gyrodactylidea: Gyrodactylidae) from Corydoras paleatus and C. ehrhardti (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) of Southern Brazil

Flávio Popazoglo, Walter A. Boeger

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 105-110 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.022

Two new species of Gyrodactylus (Gyrodactylidae) are described from Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns) and Corydoras ehrhardti Steindachner (Callichthyidae) of Rio Piraquara, Municipality of Piraquara, near Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil: Gyrodactylus anisopharynx sp. n. and Gyrodactylus samirae sp. n. These species are unique among the known Neotropical species of Gyrodactylus by the combination of several characters. Gyrodactylus anisopharynx is characterised by having hooks with point evenly curved, toe moderately pointed, round convex heel, straight sloping shelf, superficial bar with anterolateral projections...

Four species of digeneans, including Allocreadium patagonicum sp. n. (Allocreadiidae), from freshwater fishes of Patagonia, Argentina

Takeshi Shimazu, Shigehiko Urawa, Claudio O. Coria

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 111-117 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.023

Four species of adult digeneans are reported from freshwater fishes of two lakes in Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina. Allocreadium patagonicum sp. n. (Allocreadiidae) is described from the intestine of Percichthys colhuapiensis MacDonagh and Percichthys trucha (Cuvier et Valenciennes) (Percichthyidae) from Lago Aluminé. Three species redescribed are: Acanthostomoides apophalliformis Szidat, 1956 (Acanthostomidae) from the intestine of P. colhuapiensis and P. trucha from Lago Aluminé and of Salmo trutta (Linnaeus) (Salmonidae) from Lago Huechulafquén; Deropegus patagonicus (Szidat, 1956) comb. n....

Host-parasite relationships of Zootoca vivipara (Sauria: Lacertidae) in the Pyrenees (North Spain)

Vanessa Sanchis, Juan M. Roig, Miguel A. Carretero, Vicente Roca, Gustavo A. Llorente

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 118-122 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.024

The helminths infesting the common lizard, Zootoca vivipara (Jacquin, 1787), were studied with special attention to the relations between the number of nematodes, Oswaldocruzia filiformis (Goeze,1782), and the size, sex and age class of the host. The possible seasonality of the parasite intensity and the relationship with the feeding habits of the host were also tested. Helminth infracommunities of Z. vivipara were depauperate with lizards harbouring only two species, the trematode Plagiorchis molini (Lent et Freitas, 1940) and the nematode O. filiformis. A positive correlation between host size and the number of...

Trypanorhynch cestodes from Indonesian coastal waters (East Indian Ocean)

Harry W. Palm

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 123-134 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.025

Results of a study on trypanorhynch cestodes of fishes from Indonesian coastal waters are presented. A new species, Dasyrhynchus thomasi sp. n., is described, and five species are recorded which all represent new locality records: Tentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1797; Nybelinia africana Dollfus, 1960; Nybelinia scoliodoni (Vijayalakshmi, Vijayalakshmi et Gangadharam, 1996); Sphyriocephalus dollfusi Bussieras et Aldrin, 1968; and Otobothrium penetrans Linton, 1907. Their known ranges of distribution are extended to the East-Indian Ocean. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy was used to clarify details...

Hypobiosis induction alters the protein profile of Ostertagia ostertagi (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae)

Marcela C. Dopchiz, Alberto E. Parma, César A. Fiel

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 135-140 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.026

The appearance of variations in the protein profile of Ostertagia ostertagi (Stiles, 1892) infective larvae (L3), which were induced by hypobiosis triggering factors, was evaluated by means of SDS-PAGE and densitometric analysis. Area integration analyses of their protein profiles was carried out between 66 and 77 kDa. Important quantitative variations were identified in the protein levels of the induced larvae, where a 5.25 fold increase compared to the control was observed. Two 75.4 and 70 kDa protein bands were found which exceeded the control profile by 4.5 and 44 fold, respectively. This fact suggests that the changes brought...

Proteolytic enzymes secreted by larval stage of the parasitic nematode Trichinella spiralis

Valentina K. Todorova

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 141-145 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.027

Excretory/secretory products (ES), collected from in vitro cultures of muscle larvae (L1) of Trichinella spiralis (Owen, 1835) were examined for the presence of proteolytic enzymes. Several discrete proteinases in the size range of 25-55 kDa were identified by substrate gel electrophoresis and were characterised according to pH optima, substrate specificity and inhibitor sensitivity using azocasein assay. Serine, cysteine and metalloproteinases active at pH 5-7 were identified. The serine proteinases were found to predominate and some of them were found to be specific for the larval stage of the parasite. The results from the substrate analysis...

K.V. Galaktionov, A.A. Dobrovolskii: The Origin and Evolution of Trematode Life Cycles.

Oleg N. Bauer

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 146 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.028

Publ. House "Nauka", Sankt-Petersburg, Russia, 1999. Hard cover, 90 figs., 404 pp. Price not given.

Peculiarities of behaviour of taiga (Ixodes persulcatus) and sheep (Ixodes ricinus) ticks (Acarina: Ixodidae) determined by different methods

Andrey N. Alekseev, Per M. Jensen, Helen V. Dubinina, Lioubov A. Smirnova, Natalia A. Makrouchina, Sergey D. Zharkov

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 147-153 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.029

A comparison of the behavioural peculiarities of Ixodes persulcatus Schulze, 1930 (north-western population, Russia) and Ixodes ricinus (L., 1758) from western Russia and Denmark was determined by using two methods. Method 1 involved a sojourn of ticks on vertical plastic sticks and showed that the questing behaviour of I. ricinus nymphs was dependent on temperature and relative humidity (RH). A significantly greater number of nymphs quested at 22°C and 100% RH than at 18°C. When the humidity was reduced to 30% all of the nymphs departed. In the second method, the activity of ticks on an inclined "ticksdrome" was estimated. The...

Host-parasite interface between Asellus aquaticus (Isopoda) and larvae of Acanthocephalus anguillae (Acanthocephala)

Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 154-156 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.030

Autofluorescence in the oocysts of marine and freshwater fish coccidia

Angela Davies, Barbara Stewart

Folia Parasitologica 47[2] 157-158 (2000) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2000.031