Folia Parasitologica, vol. 49 (2002), issue 4

Leptin and leptin receptors during malaria infection in mice

Magdalena Pulido-Mendez, Juan De Sanctis, Alexis Rodríguez-Acosta

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 249-251 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.046

Leptin, which is involved in a range of physiological processes, could be an important factor in the pathogenesis of malaria. We found that levels of leptin in serum and urine in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice increased progressively after infection, reaching a maximum value on day 6 post-infection. Serum values were approximately five-fold higher in infected mice than in non-infected controls. A similar relation was found for values of leptin in urine. Soluble leptin receptor levels also increased significantly in serum, more or less in line with the leptin increase. Our work represents the first report of visibly augmented leptin and soluble...

S.J. Black, J.R. Seed (Eds.): The African Trypanosomes.

Jiří Lom

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 252 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.047

World Class Parasites, Vol. 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2001. ISBN 0-7923-7512-2, hardbound, 192 pp. Price EUR 127.50, USD 115.00, GBP 79.00.

Myxobolus lentisuturalis sp. n. (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae), a new muscle-infecting species from the Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio from China

Iva Dyková, Ivan Fiala, Pin Nie

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 253-258 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.048

A new highly pathogenic muscle-infecting species of the genus Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882 is described from the Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) using spore morphology and SSU rDNA sequence data. Phylogenetic analyses elucidated relationship of the newly described Myxobolus lentisuturalis to other Myxobolus species and supported its position of an independent species.

Light and scanning electron microscopy of Myxobolus porofilus sp. n. (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) infecting the visceral cavity of Prochilodus lineatus (Pisces: Characiformes: Prochilodontidae) cultivated in Brazil

Edson A. Adriano, Sarah Arana, Paulo S. Ceccarelli, Nelson S. Cordeiro

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 259-262 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.049

Myxobolus porofilus sp. n. is described infecting the visceral cavity of Prochilodus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1836) cultivated in São Paulo State, Brazil. The plasmodial form of the parasite is 3-5 mm in length and appeared compressed between the wall of the visceral cavity and the pyloric caecum, reposing on this organ. The spores are small (length 5.7 ± 0.3 µm, width 4.8 ± 0.2 µm; mean ± SD) and round to elliptical in frontal view. The valve surfaces are smooth and have sutural folds. The polar capsules are ovoid, small (length 1.6 ± 0.1 µm, width 1.1 ± 0.1 µm) and equal...

Infection prevalence, seasonality and host specificity of actinosporean types (Myxozoa) in an Atlantic salmon fish farm located in Northern Scotland

Ahmet Özer, Rodney Wootten, Andrew P. Shinn

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 263-268 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.050

A total of 28,387 oligochaetes belonging to the families Tubificidae, Lumbriculidae, Naididae and Enchytraeidae were examined at regular intervals for actinosporean infections from October 1996 to August 1998 from a freshwater salmon farm in Northern Scotland. A total of 21 types of actinosporeans belonging to seven collective groups synactinomyxon (three types), aurantiactinomyxon (four types), echinactinomyxon (five types), raabeia (six types), triactinomyxon (one type), neoactinomyxum (one type) and siedleckiella (one type) were found. Synactinomyxon type 1, echinactinomyxon type 1 and raabeia type 4 were most abundant. The overall infection prevalence...

Trickle and single infection with Discocotyle sagittata (Monogenea: Polyopisthocotylea): effect of exposure mode on parasite abundance and development

Miguel Rubio-Godoy, Richard C. Tinsley

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 269-278 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.051

Experimental infection of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) with the monogenean Discocotyle sagittata (Leuckart, 1842) allowed comparison between trickle and single exposure, two infection modes demonstrated to occur in the wild. Both types of infection resulted in mean larval attachment success around 50%, which was significantly dependent on dose of infective larvae used (P < 0.0001), but was not affected by mode of infection (P = 0.244). Worms recovered from fish exposed to the same number of oncomiracidia but different mode of infection differed in their rate of development. The developmental stage attained by parasites...

Observations on the phylogeny of Opisthadena Linton, 1910 and related genera (Hemiuridae: Opisthadeninae) from Australian and French Polynesian waters

Rodney A. Bray, Thomas H. Cribb

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 279-290 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.052

Mitrostoma nototheniae Manter, 1954 is redescribed from Aplodactylus arctidens Richardson, off northern Tasmania. Opisthadena dimidia Linton, 1910 is reported from Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède, Ningaloo, Western Australia, K. cinerascens (Forsskål), off Heron Island and Ningaloo, Western Australia, Kyphosus cornelii (Whitley), off Kalbarri, Western Australia, K. sydneyanus Günther, off Fremantle, Western Australia, K. sydneyanus ?, Ningaloo, Western Australia and K. vaigiensis (Quoy et Gaimard), off Heron and Lizard Islands, Queensland and Moorea, French Polynesia: measurements...

Ultrastructure of the forebody and foregut tegument and eccrine gland cells of Crepidostomum metoecus (Trematoda: Digenea: Allocreadiidae)

Zdeňka Žďárská, Jana Nebesářová

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 291-294 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.053

The forebody and foregut of Crepidostomum metoecus Braun, 1900 are invested with a tegument bearing regularly arranged surface tubercles comparable with the aspidogastrean surface structures. The tegument of the ventrolateral lobes and of the prepharynx is penetrated by ducts of eccrine gland cells. The frontal and prepharyngeal gland cells, localised in the parenchyma, discharge electron-dense granules. Their ducts are lined by peripheral microtubules and fixed to the tegument plasmalemma by a septate junction. The functional roles of these glands are discussed.

Anthobothrium altavelae sp. n. (Cestoda: Tetraphyllidea) from the spiny butterfly ray Gymnura altavela (Elasmobranchii: Gymnuridae) in Tunisia

Lassâd Neifar, Louis Euzet, Oum Kalthoum Ben Hassine

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 295-298 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.054

Seven Gymnura altavela (Linnaeus, 1758) (Elasmobranchii, Myliobatiformes) caught off the Tunisian coast were examined for endoparasites during a three-year period (1995-1998). A phyllobothriid cestode new to science was found in the spiral intestine of all host specimens. The presence of a tetrabothridiate scolex, bothridia lacking an apical sucker, laciniate strobila, and possession of postvaginal testes are sufficient to place this species in the genus Anthobothrium Van Beneden, 1850. In this genus, we consider that only two species, both previously reported from carcharhiniform sharks, are valid: Anthobothrium cornucopia Van...

Moravecnema segonzaci gen. et sp. n. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) from Pachycara thermophilum (Zoarcidae), a deep-sea hydrothermal vent fish from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Jean-Lou Justine, Jimmy Cassone, Annie Petter

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 299-303 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.055

A new cystidicolid nematode, Moravecnema segonzaci gen. et sp. n. is described from the intestine of the teleost fish Pachycara thermophilum Geistdoerfer (Zoarcidae) from the hydrothermal sites Logatchev and Snake Pit-Moose of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, at depths of 3,008; 3,492, and 3,510 m. The new genus Moravecnema is characterised by a dorsoventrally elongated oral opening, rudimentary pseudolabia, and four pairs of precloacal and six pairs of postcloacal caudal papillae in the male. The species has two spicules of unequal length, about 330 and 80 µm long. Males are about 5 mm and females about 5-10 mm long. Eggs have long...

P. Perlmann, M. Troye-Blomberg (Eds.): Malaria Immunology.

Jan Kopecký

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 304 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.056

Second Edition. Chemical Immunology, Vol. 80. Karger, Basel, 2002. ISBN 3-8055-7376-6, hard cover, XVI+ 406 pp., 29 figs., 13 tables. Price (institutions) EUR 198.50, USD 241.75; (individuals) EUR 99.30, USD 120.90.

Three new species of the ectoparasitic mites of the genus Syringophiloidus Kethley, 1970 (Acari: Syringophilidae) from passeriform birds from Slovakia

Maciej Skoracki

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 305-313 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.057

Three new quill mite species of the genus Syringophiloidus Kethley, 1970 (Acari: Syringophilidae) from Slovakia are described and figured: S. bombycillae sp. n. from the waxwing Bombycilla garrulus (L.) (Passeriformes: Bombycillidae), S. schoeniclus sp. n. from the reed bunting Emberiza schoeniclus L. (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) and S. montanus sp. n. from the tree sparrow Passer montanus (L.) (Passeriformes: Ploceidae). A key to all known species of the genus Syringophiloidus is given.

Nymphal diapause and its photoperiodic control in the tick Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae)

Valentin N. Belozerov, Rudolf L. Naumov

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 314-318 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.058

It is shown experimentally that the option between developmental diapause and non-diapause development in nymphs of Ixodes scapularis Say, 1821 (Middle Atlantic population) is determined by photoperiodic conditions according to a two-step photoperiodic reaction of short-day long-day type. Diapause arrest of development is induced by an impact of either long day upon unfed nymphs, or short day upon engorged nymphs, while non-diapause development completed in 2-2.5 months at 20°C needs the change from short-day to long-day conditions. Some ecophysiological aspects of mechanisms controlling seasonal development of ticks belonging to Ixodes ricinus...

Screening of the T- and B-cell antigenicity in neonatal calves of the His-tagged Cryptosporidium parvum antigens CP15, CP15/60, P23 and TRAP-C1

Dirk C. de Graaf, Hans De Coninck, Cathérine De Clercq, Johan E. Peeters

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 319-322 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.059

Potential significance of transovarial transmission in the circulation of tick-borne encephalitis virus

Vlasta Danielová, Jaroslava Holubová, Milan Pejčoch, Milan Daniel

Folia Parasitologica 49[4] 323-325 (2002) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2002.060