Folia Parasitologica, vol. 50 (2003), issue 2

The endogenous development, described by light and electron microscopy, of Eimeria jamescooki sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the skink Cryptoblepharus virgatus

Ilan Paperna

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 89-96 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.016

Eimeria jamescooki sp. n. was recovered from the skink Cryptoblepharus virgatus (Garman) found on the grounds of James Cook University, Townsville (type locality), North Queensland, Australia. Oocysts were 17.5-25.0 (22.1 ± 1.9) × 15-22.5 (17.7 ± 1.6) µm and sporocysts 6.25-10.0 (7.9 ± 1.15) × 3.75-6.25 (5.3 ± 1.0) µm in size. Endogenous stages are described from histological material examined by light microscope and by transmission electron microscope. Both merogony stages and gamonts were found to develop in the cytoplasm of the anterior gut mucosal epithelium. Meront progeny were comprised of...

Genotypic, phenotypic, biochemical, physiological and pathogenicity-based categorisation of Acanthamoeba strains

Naveed Ahmed Khan, Noor Khan Tareen

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 97-104 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.017

The genus Acanthamoeba includes more than 20 morphological species, but classification is problematical. Recently, the discovery of substantial interstrain differences in ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences has prompted questions about the relatedness of strains of the same species. In this study, therefore, we have investigated relationships between two isolates of A. polyphaga, CCAP 1501/3c and ATCC 30871, using morphological, biochemical, physiological, molecular and cytotoxicity assays. We observed that A. polyphaga ATCC 30871 exhibited up to six arms in endocyst while A. polyphaga CCAP 1501/3c exhibited a maximum of 5 arms...

Acolpenteron australe sp. n. (Dactylogyridae: Dactylogyrinae), a new species from the ureters of Percichthys trucha (Perciformes: Percichthyidae) in Patagonia (Argentina)

Gustavo P. Viozzi, Norma L. Brugni

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 105-108 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.018

Acolpenteron australe sp. n. (Dactylogyridae, Dactylogyrinae) is described from ureters and renal tubules of Percichthys trucha (Cuvier et Valenciennes) (Perciformes, Percichthyidae) from Andean Patagonian lakes. The new species has a haptor with 14 hooks, with shanks comprised of two subunits. It has overlapped intercaecal gonads, male copulatory organ as a sclerotized tube with one counterclockwise coil and a J-shaped accessory piece. It differs from the other species of Acolpenteron by having a non-forked accessory piece. This is the first monogenean species described from a percichthyid host in South America.

Larval Spirurida (Nematoda) from the crab Macrophthalmus hirtipes in New Zealand

František Moravec, Brian L. Fredensborg, A. David M. Latham, Robert Poulin

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 109-114 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.019

Previously undescribed third-stage larvae of two species of Spirurida were found in the haemocoel of the stalk-eyed mud crab Macrophthalmus hirtipes (Heller) (Ocypodidae) in New Zealand. Examinations by light and scanning electron microscopy showed that the larger larvae (about 7 mm long) belonged to a species of Ascarophis van Beneden, 1871 (Cystidicolidae), the genus including parasites of fishes, whereas the smaller larvae (about 4-5 mm long) belonged to the Acuariidae, a family with species parasitic as adults mostly in aquatic birds. In a sample of 82 specimens of M. hirtipes collected in July 2002 from Papanui Inlet, on Otago...

Redescription of Pterygodermatites (Mesopectines) nycticebi (Mönnig, 1920) (Nematoda: Rictulariidae), a parasite of slow loris Nycticebus coucang (Mammalia: Primates)

Yatsukaho Ikeda, Akiko Fujisaki, Koichi Murata, Hideo Hasegawa

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 115-120 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.020

Pterygodermatites (Mesopectines) nycticebi (Mönnig, 1920) (Nematoda: Spirurida: Rictulariidae) is redescribed based on immature and mature adults collected from the stomach and small intestine at autopsy of a slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert, 1785) (Mammalia: Primates), in a zoological garden in Japan. It is first demonstrated that male possesses a minute telamon and a left lateral pore in the preanal part of body. The cause of death of the slow loris is strongly surmised to be related to the nematode infection, which was apparently acquired under captivity in the zoological garden.

Systematic status of Manaosia bracodemoca Woodland, 1935 and Paramonticellia itaipuensis Pavanelli et Rego, 1991 (Eucestoda: Proteocephalidea), parasites of Sorubim lima (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) from South America

Alain de Chambrier

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 121-127 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.021

Type material of the proteocephalidean cestodes Manaosia bracodemoca Woodland, 1935 and Paramonticellia itaipuensis Pavanelli et Rego, 1991 (both monotypic genera) as well as recently collected material of the latter species are redescribed. A close similarity between both species was observed: the shape of scoleces is identical, both possess a globular scolex with hidden suckers, a well-developed circular, horseshoe-shaped musculature surrounding suckers; the measurements of both taxa are also similar (scolex, suckers, young proglottides). Both cestodes possess a medullary ovary crossing the dorsal muscle layer and ending in the dorsal...

C.V. Holland, M.W. Kennedy (Eds.): The Geohelminths: Ascaris, Trichuris and Hookworm.

Oleg Ditrich, Masako Asahina

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 128 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.022

World Class Parasites, Vol. 2. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Dordrecht, London, 2001. ISBN 0-7923-7557-2, hardbound, 352 pp. Price EUR 165.00, USD 150.00, GBP 105.00.

Activity levels and predator detection by amphipods infected with an acanthocephalan parasite, Pomphorhynchus laevis

Bahram S. Dezfuli, Barbara J. Maynard, Todd A. Wellnitz

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 129-134 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.023

The acanthocephalan parasite Pomphorhynchus laevis (Müller, 1776) uses freshwater amphipods as its intermediate host. In order to complete the life cycle, the infected amphipod must be consumed by a fish, where the acanthocephalan will mature and reproduce. Parasite transmission, and therefore fitness, could be enhanced if infected amphipods fail to detect or avoid predatory fish. We compared the activity levels of infected and non-infected amphipods, Echinogammarus stammeri (Karaman, 1931), in both the presence and absence of odours from its natural, definitive host, the fish Leuciscus cephalus (L.). Throughout the experiment,...

Life cycle of the temporary fish parasite, Gnathia africana (Crustacea: Isopoda: Gnathiidae)

Nico J. Smit, Linda Basson, Jo G. Van As

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 135-142 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.024

Laboratory work was conducted to elucidate the life cycle of the South African gnathiid isopod, Gnathia africana Barnard, 1914. The natural fish hosts of this temporary parasite, the super klipfish Clinus superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1758), were exposed to gnathiid larvae in the laboratory. It was found that G. africana has three larval stages, consisting of three unfed (zuphea) and three fed (praniza) stages. First-, second- and third-stage zuphea larvae took an average of 2 h 18 min, 2 h 43 min and 10 h 8 min respectively to complete their feeding and the first- and second-stage praniza moulted at 8 and 10 days respectively into...

Chigger mites (Acari: Trombiculidae) new to the fauna of Cuba, with the description of two new species

Milan Daniel, Alexandr A. Stekol'nikov

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 143-150 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.025

Two new species of chigger mites, Hyponeocula monocoxalae sp. n. from bats and reptiles, and Perates nudosetosus sp. n. from bats, are described. The first finding of larvae of Tectumpilosum negreai Feider, 1983 in nature is reported from a bat collected at the type locality, and the description of this species is emended. Four species, Perates monops (Brennan et Jones, 1960), Parasecia manueli (Brennan et Jones, 1960), Beamerella acutascuta Brennan, 1958, and Blankaartia sinnamaryi (Floch et Fauran, 1956), are recorded for the first time in Cuba and on new host species.

Henneguya curvata sp. n. (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) parasitizing the gills of Serrasalmus spilopleura (Characidae: Serrasaminae), a South American freshwater fish

Bianca Barassa, Edson A. Adriano, Sarah Arana, Nelson S. Cordeiro

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 151-153 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.026

On the presence of Lecithochirium musculus (Digenea: Hemiuridae) in Conger conger

Román Vilas, Esperanza Paniagua, Manuel L. Sanmartín

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 154-156 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.027

Co-occurrence of metacestodes of Echinococcus multilocularis and Taenia taeniaeformis (Cestoda) in Arvicola terrestris (Rodentia) in France

Anne-Françoise Pétavy, František Tenora, Stephan Deblock

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 157-158 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.028

Effect of the salivary gland and midgut extracts from Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) on the growth of Borrelia garinii in vitro

Ivo Rudolf, Zdenek Hubálek

Folia Parasitologica 50[2] 159-160 (2003) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2003.029