Folia Parasitologica, vol. 53 (2006), issue 3

Sand fly saliva: effects on host immune response and Leishmania transmission

Iva Rohoušová, Petr Volf

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 161-171 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.022

The feeding success of sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) is linked to the vast array of pharmacological substances in their saliva, which interferes with the host haemostasis and immune response. Modification of feeding site plays also an important role in Leishmania transmission. In naive hosts, co-inoculation of saliva and Leishmania parasites increases the chance of successful transmission. Disease exacerbation seems to be associated with enhanced production of type 2 cytokines and selective inhibition of some macrophage functions including the production of NO and H2O2. On the other hand, hosts repeatedly exposed...

Fish-isolated Naegleria strains and their phylogeny inferred from ITS and SSU rDNA sequences

Iva Dyková, Hana Pecková, Ivan Fiala, Helena Dvořáková

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 172-180 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.023

Effort was made to identify Naegleria strains isolated from organs of fish, using phylogenetic analyses of SSU rDNA and ITS sequences. Eighteen fish-isolated strains studied enlarged substantially the so far available set of Naegleria strains characterized by both molecular markers. The phylogenetic analyses of separate and concatenated SSU rDNA and ITS sequences revealed phylogenetic relationships of strains under study; however, they failed to solve classification of fish-isolated strains into species. The sequence similarity of strain-representatives of Naegleria species as well as data obtained on intragenomic variation of...

Prosorhynchus maternus sp. n. (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from the Malabar grouper Epinephelus malabaricus (Perciformes: Serranidae) off New Caledonia

Rodney A. Bray, Jean-Lou Justine

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 181-188 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.024

A new species, Prosorhynchus maternus sp. n., is described from the serranid fish Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch et Schneider) in the waters off New Caledonia. It belongs to a group of Prosorhynchus species from serranids in which the uterus is restricted to the postovarian region. Its distinguishing features include the vitellarium relatively distant from the rhynchus, the cirrus-sac relatively distant from the posterior testis, the distinctly pre-equatorial mouth and several other somatic ratios. New records of Prosorhynchus longisaccatus Durio et Manter, 1968 from Epinephelus cyanopodus (Richardson) and Prosorhynchoides...

The status of Rhoptrobothrium Shipley et Hornell, 1906 (Cestoda: Tetraphyllidea), with redescription of the type species, R. myliobatidis, and description of three new species from two species of Aetomylaeus (Myliobatiformes: Myliobatidae) from Malaysian Borneo

Kirsten Jensen, Janine N. Caira

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 189-207 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.025

As part of a metazoan parasite survey of elasmobranchs from Malaysian Borneo, specimens of Rhoptrobothrium Shipley et Hornell, 1906 were collected from the eagle rays Aetomylaeus maculatus (Gray) and Aetomylaeus niehofii (Bloch et Schneider). The type species is redescribed from its type host, and a neotype specimen is designated. In addition, three new species of Rhoptrobothrium are described: R. chongi sp. n., R. gambangi sp. n. and R. limae sp. n. Rhoptrobothrium myliobatidis conspicuously differs from the three new species in its lack of a secondary areola; R. limae is distinguished...

A new trematode species Neoplagioporus kajika sp. n. (Digenea: Opecoelidae), parasitic in the Japanese fluvial sculpin, Cottus pollux (Osteichthyes: Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae), from Japan

Misako Urabe, Eriko Higa

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 208-210 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.026

The adult morphology is described and illustrated of Neoplagioporus kajika sp. n. (Digenea: Opecoelidae) found in the Japanese fluvial sculpin Cottus pollux Günther (Osteichthyes: Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae) collected in the Naka River at Terase Bridge, Narutake, Nakagawa Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan. This new species is characterized by that the body shape is oval, that the intestinal caeca end posteriorly at the middle level of the testicular region, that the ovary is trilobed, and that the vitelline follicles are distributed between the pharyngeal level and usually the posterior end of body and fill up the lateral fields...

Comparative description of males of two species of Achtheres von Nordmann, 1832 (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida: Lernaeopodidae) infecting zander and European perch

Wojciech Piasecki, Agnieszka Sękowska-Jakubowska, Ewa Sobecka

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 211-216 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.027

Achtheres percarum von Nordmann, 1832 and Achtheres sandrae Gadd, 1901 (Lernaeopodidae) are common parasitic copepods infecting fishes in Eurasia. The former is specific to perch, Perca fluviatilis L., while the latter, to zander, Sander lucioperca (L.). Until recently these copepods have been regarded a single species. The present study was intended to analyse details of male morphology and provide their complete descriptions with differential diagnosis. Males of A. percarum and A. sandrae were collected from perch and zander at Lake Dąbie (north-western Poland). The males of A. sandrae are larger than...

Two new species of Apoloniinae (Acari: Trombiculoidea: Leeuwenhoekiidae) from African small mammals, with a key to the species of the world

Wayne A. Brown

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 217-222 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.028

The genus Liuella Wang et Bai, 1992 is transferred from Trombiculidae to Apoloniinae and a new species Liuella monosetosa sp. n. described from specimens taken in Morocco from the hosts Gerbillus sp. and Meriones libycus Lichtenstein. A new species of Straelensia Vercammen-Grandjean et Kolebinova, 1968, Straelensia variocula sp. n. is described from specimens taken in Morocco and Burkina Faso from the hosts Genetta thierryi Matschie, Gerbillus sp., M. libycus and Elephantulus rozeti (Duvernoy). A list of species, hosts and localities and a key to the species of the Apoloniinae of...

Some camallanid nematodes from marine perciform fishes off New Caledonia

František Moravec, Jean-Lou Justine, Mark C. Rigby

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 223-239 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.029

Two new, one known and three unidentified species of the nematode family Camallanidae are reported and described from the intestines of marine perciform fishes off the southwestern coast of New Caledonia, South Pacific: Camallanus carangis Olsen, 1952 from the forked-tailed threadfin bream Nemipterus furcosus (Nemipteridae), the yellowstriped goatfish Upeneus vittatus and the whitesaddle goatfish Parupeneus ciliatus (both Mullidae) (new host records); Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) variolae sp. n. from the white-edged lyretail Variola albimarginata (type host) and the blacktip grouper Epinephelus...

Systematic status of Rhabdochona leucaspii Kritscher, 1979 (Nematoda: Rhabdochonidae)

František Moravec

Folia Parasitologica 53[3] 240 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.030

Reexamination of the male holotype of the rhabdochonid nematode Rhabdochona leucaspii Kritscher, 1979, originally described from the intestine of the cyprinid fish Leucaspius prosperi [= Ladigesocypris ghigii (Gianferrari)] from Rhodes Island, Greece, confirmed its morphological and biometrical identity with Rhabdochona denudata (Dujardin, 1845), a common and widespread parasite of cyprinids and some other fishes in palaearctic Eurasia. Consequently, R. leucaspii is considered a junior synonym of R. denudata.