Folia Parasitologica, vol. 53 (2006), issue 4

A new fish haemogregarine from South Africa and its suspected dual transmission with trypanosomes by a marine leech

Polly M. Hayes, Nico J. Smit, Alan M. Seddon, David F. Wertheim, Angela J. Davies

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 241-248 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.031

Twenty two percent (22/98) of intertidal fishes of 10 species captured in South Africa at Koppie Alleen, De Hoop Nature Reserve (south coast) and Mouille Point, Cape Town (west coast), harboured single or combined infections of haemogregarines, trypanosomes and an intraerythrocytic parasite resembling a Haemohormidium sp. The haemogregarines included the known species Haemogregarina (sensu lato) bigemina (Laveran et Mesnil, 1901) Siddall, 1995 and Haemogregarina (sensu lato) koppiensis Smit et Davies, 2001, while Haemogregarina (sensu lato) curvata sp. n. was observed in Clinus cottoides Valenciennes...

Isospora carliae sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the skink Carlia rhomboidalis (Peters) from Daintree Forest, North Queensland, Australia: description and fine-structural account of endogenous development

Ilan Paperna

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 249-254 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.032

Isospora carliae sp. n. is described from the blue-throated rainbow skink Carlia rhomboidalis (Peters), from Daintree Forest, North Queensland, Australia. Oocysts are ellipsoidal, 16.8-21.0 × 12.6-15.4 µm in size, with their two sporocysts, 9.0-14.0 × 7.0-9.24 µm in size, positioned along the wide axis. Sporozoites contain a distinct refractile body and are accompanied by a residuum. All endogenous development occurs within the host-cell nucleus. Nuclei are sometimes invaded by several merozoites, but only infections by a single parasite persist. Nuclei lodging meronts, mature microgamonts and premature macrogamonts have an...

Three new genera and seven new species of trypanorhynch cestodes (family Eutetrarhynchidae) from manta rays, Mobula spp. (Mobulidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico

Ronald A. Campbell, Ian Beveridge

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 255-275 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.033

Three new genera of eutetrarhynchid trypanorhynch cestodes are described from Mobula spp. (Mobulidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Fellicocestus mobulae gen. et sp. n. from the gall bladder of Mobula japonica (Müller et Henle) is distinguished by elongate bothria, a pars bothrialis equal in length to the pars vaginalis, masses of gland cells in the pars vaginalis and an heteromorphous armature in which hook rows arise from a central file of hooks on the bothrial surface of the tentacle and terminate in a central file on the antibothrial surface. Species of Mobulocestus gen. n. occur in the nephridial system and cloaca...

Ailinella mirabilis gen. n., sp. n. (Eucestoda: Pseudophyllidea) from Galaxias maculatus (Pisces: Galaxiidae) in the Andean-Patagonian region of Argentina

Alicia A. Gilde Pertierra, Liliana G. Semenas

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 276-286 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.034

Ailinella gen. n. (Pseudophyllidea: Triaenophoridae) is proposed to accommodate Ailinella mirabilis sp. n. from Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842), a freshwater fish inhabiting the Andean lakes in Argentinean Patagonia. Ailinella belongs to the Triaenophoridae because it has a marginal genital pore, a follicular vitelline gland, and a ventral uterine pore. The new genus can be distinguished from other triaenophorids by the following combination of characters: a small body size, a low number of proglottides, which are longer than wide, a truncated pyramidal to globular scolex, a rectangular apical disc, presence of the neck,...

Camallanus cotti (Nematoda: Camallanidae), an introduced parasite of fishes in New Caledonia

Frantiąek Moravec, Jean-Lou Justine

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 287-296 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.035

A pathogenic Asian nematode species of Camallanus, C. cotti Fujita, 1927, was found in New Caledonia, South Pacific, for the first time; it was recorded from two native fishes, Awaous guamensis (Valenciennes) (Gobiidae) (prevalence 51%, intensity 1-25) and Kuhlia marginata (Cuvier) (Kuhliidae) (a single specimen found), of the La Foa River, about 100 km north of Nouméa; the latter represents a new host record. Morphological data on C. cotti based on New Caledonian specimens and those previously collected from aquarium-kept Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor) in Canada have been provided. The SEM examination...

Taxonomic status of Ascocotyle (Phagicola) rara Arruda, Muniz-Pereira et Pinto, 2002 (Digenea: Heterophyidae)

Tomáą Scholz, Luís C. Muniz-Pereira, Cláudia Portes Santos

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 297-301 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.036

Holotype and paratype of Ascocotyle (Phagicola) rara Arruda, Muniz-Pereira et Pinto, 2002, a heterophyid trematode recently described on the basis of two worms collected by Lauro Travassos in 1921 in the intestine of Ixobrychus exilis (Gmelin) from Brazil, were studied. The morphology of the worms revealed their conspecificity with Ascocotyle (Phagicola) angeloi Travassos, 1928 found in the same host. Both the taxa have a similar length (between 600 and 900 µm) and shape of the body (long pyriform), the long intestinal caeca reaching to the ovarian level, a long posterior muscular prolongation...

Hylomysobia gen. n. (Acari: Myobiidae), a new genus of mites parasitic on gymnures of the genus Hylomys (Eulipotyphla: Erinaceidae)

Andre V. Bochkov, Barry M. OConnor

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 302-310 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.037

A new genus of Myobiidae, Hylomysobia gen. n. with two new species, H. mikhailzaitzevi sp. n. (type species) and H. chinensis sp. n., is described from gymnures of the genus Hylomys Müller (Eulipotyphla: Erinaceidae). The two species parasitize Hylomys suillus Müller from Cambodia and Vietnam, and Hylomys sinensis (Trouessart) from China, respectively. These species represent the first records of myobiid mites from species in the family Erinaceidae. The new genus differs from the closely related Eutalpacarus Jameson, 1949 by the following features: in both sexes, coxae I have a triangular process, setae...

Viability of pathogenic Naegleria and Acanthamoeba isolates during 10 years of cryopreservation

David T. John, Rebecca A. John

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 311-312 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.038

This is a follow-up report on the viability of pathogenic Naegleria fowleri, Naegleria australiensis and Acanthamoeba castellanii isolates during 5 to 10 years of cryopreservation at -70°C. The greatest decrease in viability occurred with N. fowleri and the least occurred with N. australiensis. At 10 years of cryostorage, viability was 21% for N. fowleri, 32% for A. castellanii and 51% for N. australiensis.

Bartonella infections in fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) and lack of bartonellae in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from Hungary

Zsuzsa Sréter-Lancz, Krisztián Tornyai, Zoltán Széll, Tamás Sréter, Károly Márialigeti

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 313-316 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.039

Fleas (95 Pulex irritans, 50 Ctenocephalides felis, 45 Ctenocephalides canis) and ixodid ticks (223 Ixodes ricinus, 231 Dermacentor reticulatus, 204 Haemaphysalis concinna) were collected in Hungary and tested, in assays based on PCR, for Bartonella infection. Low percentages of P. irritans (4.2%) and C. felis (4.0%) were found to be infected. The groEL sequences of the four isolates from P. irritans were different from all the homologous sequences for bartonellae previously stored in GenBank but closest to those of Bartonella sp. SE-Bart-B (sharing 96% identities)....

Jiří Lom is 75

Tomáą Scholz

Folia Parasitologica 53[4] 317-318 (2006) | DOI: 10.14411/fp.2006.040