Folia Parasitologica, vol. 59 (2012), issue 2

Ultrastructural characteristics of Nematopsis sp. oocysts (Apicomplexa: Porosporidae), a parasite of the clam Meretrix meretrix (Veneridae) from the Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia

Abdel-Azeem S. Abdel-Baki, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Mohamed A. Dkhil, Ibraheem Al Nasr, Elsa Oliveira, Graça Casal, Carlos Azevedo

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 81-86 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.012

This paper describes the fine structure of oocysts of Nematopsis sp. (Apicomplexa, Porosporidae) found in the abductor muscles of seawater clams, Meretrix meretrix (Linnaeus, 1758) (Veneridae), collected near the city of Dammam (6°17'0"N, 50°12'0"E) in the Arabian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia. Oocysts of an ellipsoidal shape were found among myofibrils of the abductor muscles of infected clams. Each oocyst is composed of an oocyst wall surrounding a single uninucleate vermiform sporozoite located in the lumen of the oocyst wall. The thin oocyst wall (0.70-0.85 µm thick) is composed of homogenous electron-lucent material formed...

Phylogenetic characterization of a microsporidium (Nosema sp.) isolated from the mulberry pest, Hemerophila atrilineata

Rui Guan, Zhongyuan Shen, Feng Zhu, Darui Chen, Jiao Zhang, Jiange Hou, Shinan Dong, Xudong Tang, Li Xu

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 87-92 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.013

Microsporidia are a group of obligate intracellular unicellular eukaryotes that can parasitize a wide variety of other eukaryotes ranging from protists to invertebrates and vertebrates. In this study, we examined the microsporidium Nosema sp. isolated from the mulberry pest, Hemerophila atrilineata Butler, 1881, named herein "Nosema sp. HA". The fresh spores were long oval in shape, 3.8 ± 0.4 μm in length and 1.9 ± 0.3 μm in width. Analysis of tissue infection of silkworm, Bombyx mori Linnaeus, 1758, indicated that the midgut, Malpighian tubules, muscle, fat body, silk glands, hemocytes, nerve...

Does Toxoplasma gondii infection affect cognitive function? A case control study

Wojciech Guenter, Maciej Bieliński, Aleksander Deptuła, Patrycja Zalas-Więcek, Małgorzata Piskunowicz, Krzysztof Szwed, Adam Buciński, Eugenia Gospodarek, Alina Borkowska

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 93-98 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.014

According to studies, latent Toxoplasma gondii infection may affect several functions of the human brain. Here we search for the association between latent toxoplasmosis and cognitive performance. We tested 70 individuals for latent T. gondii infection. There were 26 Toxoplasma-infected subjects and 44 Toxoplasma-free subjects. Within these two groups we assessed cognitive performance using a set of standardized, widely recognized neuropsychological tests: Trail Making Test, Stroop Test, Verbal Fluency Test, Digit Span Test and N-back test. The relationship between chronic toxoplasmosis and cognitive performance was assessed,...

Margaritaella gracilis gen. n. et sp. n. (Eucestoda: Proteocephalidea), a parasite of Callichthys callichthys (Pisces: Siluriformes) from the Paraná River basin, Argentina

Nathalia J. Arredondo, Alicia A. Gil de Pertierra

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 99-106 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.015

Margaritaella gracilis gen. n. et sp. n. (Proteocephalidea: Proteocephalinae) found in the intestine of Callichthys callichthys (Linnaeus) from the Paraná River basin is described. The new genus is placed in the Proteocephalinae because of the medullary position of the genital organs. It differs from all known genera included in the Proteocephalinae by the following combination of characters: 1) scolex with a conspicuous cluster of drop-shaped gland cells posterior to suckers; 2) strobila with a low number of proglottides, all much longer than wide; 3) testes arranged in one field, composed of two parallel rows of testes separated by...

A new hyperapolytic species, Trilocularia eberti sp. n. (Cestoda: Tetraphyllidea), from Squalus cf. mitsukurii (Squaliformes: Squalidae) off South Africa with comments on its development and fecundity

Maria Pickering, Janine N. Caira

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 107-114 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.016

A new species of tetraphyllidean cestode in the genus Trilocularia is described from an undescribed shark species, Squalus cf. mitsukurii, off the coast of South Africa. Trilocularia eberti sp. n. is the second known member of its genus, and like its congener, T. gracilis (Olsson, 1866-1867) Olsson, 1869, is extremely hyperapolytic, dropping proglottids from its strobila while they are still very immature. Characteristic of the genus, it possesses a distinctive scolex with triloculated bothridia, but differs conspicuously from its congener in its possession of an anterior loculus that is much larger in width relative...

Five new species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) from marine fishes off Java, Indonesia

František Moravec, Thorsten Walter, Asri Trisnani Yuniar

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 115-130 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.017

Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, the following five species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) are described from female specimens collected from marine fishes off the southwestern coast of Java, Indonesia: Philometra lobotidis sp. n. from the abdominal cavity of the Atlantic tripletail Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch) (Lobotidae, Perciformes); Philometra javaensis sp. n. from the abdominal cavity of the immaculate puffer Arothron immaculatus (Bloch et Schneider) (Tetraodontidae, Tetraodontiformes); Philometra psettoditis sp. n. from the musculature of the Indian spiny turbot Psettodes...

Can a specialist parasite species of a widespread and common host species be rare? The case of Spinitectus inermis (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) in eels Anguilla anguilla

Clive R. Kennedy

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 131-138 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.018

The claim by many authors that Spinitectus inermis (Zeder, 1800), a narrowly specific parasite of European eels Anguilla anguilla (L.), is a rare species is considered at three levels: its geographical range, its frequency of occurrence compared to other eel parasites and its relative abundance in component communities. The parasite is widely distributed in freshwater throughout the European range of the eel but its occurrence is erratic and unpredictable, being known from only 8 countries. Surveys of eel parasites in the United Kingdom and in Continental Europe show that it is present in only 13% of British and 29% of continental localities....

Two species of Rhabdochona (Nematoda: Rhabdochonidae) from the cyprinid fish Luciobarbus kersin (Heckel) in northern Iraq, including R. (Globochona) kurdistanensis sp. n.

František Moravec, Samir J. Bilal, Shamall M. A. Abdullah

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 139-147 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.019

A new nematode species, Rhabdochona (Globochona) kurdistanensis sp. n. (Rhabdochonidae), is decribed based on specimens collected from the intestine of the barbel Luciobarbus kersin (Heckel) (Cyprinidae) in the Greater Zab (type locality) and the Lesser Zab Rivers, Tigris River basin, Kurdistan Region, northern Iraq. It is mainly characterized by a prostom with 8 anterior teeth, the presence of basal prostomal teeth, bifurcated deirids, length ratio of the muscular and glandular portions of oesophagus (1:14.4-17.8), conspicuously short left spicule (180-204 µm), arrangement of genital papillae, nonfilamented eggs,...

Distribution of Hatschekia pagellibogneravei (Copepoda: Hatschekiidae) on the gills of Pagellus bogaraveo (Teleostei: Sparidae) from Madeira, Portugal

Margarida Hermida, Cristina Cruz, Aurélia Saraiva

Folia Parasitologica 59[2] 148-152 (2012) | 10.14411/fp.2012.020

A population of the gill parasite Hatschekia pagellibogneravei (Hesse, 1878) was studied on one of its sparid fish hosts, the blackspot seabream, Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich), off the coast of Madeira Island, Portugal, northeast Atlantic. Very high infection levels of this copepod were detected, with no significant seasonal differences. Abundance was negatively correlated with fish size. There were significant differences in the distribution of this copepod among the gill arches of the host, which seem to be best explained by differences in water flow within the gill habitat.